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Although open-field behaviour has been considered a valid and reliable index of locomotor activity in rodents, the simple measures traditionally recorded in this test do not readily allow for differentiation between compounds of the same general class, e.g. psychostimulants. The present methodology was developed to facilitate detailed and continuous(More)
Despite the knowledge that women are more susceptible than men to stress-related mental illness, such as major depression, there is no comprehensive estimation of the role of gender in the detrimental effects of chronic stress that might cause depression. Sex differences regarding the association of behavioral parameters with serotonergic and(More)
Differences in the locomotor response of rats to a novel environment (high responders [HR] versus low responders [LR]) have been associated with differences in vulnerability to psychostimulants. In the present study we profiled extensively the behavioral repertoire of HR and LR rats (differentiated on the basis of vertical activity) during exposure to a(More)
Experimental animals can be differentiated on the basis of their horizontal or vertical activity to high responders (HR) and low responders (LR) upon exposure to a novel environment. These individual differences have been associated with behavioral and neurobiological differences in a number of experimental procedures used for studying sensitivity to(More)
Cannabinoid administration modulates both dopaminergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission. The present study examines the effects of high and low dose WIN55,212-2, a CB1 receptor agonist, on extracellular dopamine and glutamate release in vivo via brain microdialysis in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), striatum and prefrontal cortex (PFC) in parallel to its(More)
A facile preparation of 2-aminomethyl-2-tricyclo[3.3.1.1(1,7)]decaneacetic acid hydrochloride 5 (AdGABA) is described. The synthesis of AdGABA involves the hydrogenation of 2-cyano-2-tricyclo[3.3.1.1(1,7)]decaneacetic acid 11, which was synthesized by two different synthetic routes. AdGABA was found to antagonize the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and(More)
Chronic mild stress (CMS) has been reported to induce an anhedonic-like state in rats that resembles some of the symptoms of endogenous depression in humans. In the present study, CMS-induced behavioural responses along with neurochemical alterations in dopaminergic and serotonergic function in prefrontal cortex, striatum, hypothalamus and hippocampus were(More)
The forced swim test (FST) has been considered as a pharmacologically valid test of the depressive syndrome in rodents. However, few studies have focused on neurochemical and behavioral responses during FST in both male and female rats. Thus, we investigated certain behavioral and neuroendocrine responses as well as the serotonergic activity after the(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the possible role of somatostatin as a modulator of dopamine release in rat retina. Basal release of dopamine, and how this is influenced by somatostatin receptor (sst) selective ligands, was examined ex vivo in rat retinal explants. Dopamine levels were quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)
Many stress-related mental disorders, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder occur more often in women than in men. While social and cultural factors certainly contribute to these differences, neurobiological sex differences seem to also play an important role. A rapidly burgeoning literature from basic and clinical research documents sex(More)