Zeno Varanini

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One of the mechanisms through which some strategy I plants respond to Fe-deficiency is an enhanced acidification of the rhizosphere due to proton extrusion. It was previously demonstrated that under Fe-deficiency, a strong increase in the H(+)-ATPase activity of plasma membrane (PM) vesicles isolated from cucumber roots occurred. This result was confirmed(More)
The ability of Fe-deficient cucumber plants to use iron complexed to a water-extractable humic substances fraction (WEHS), was investigated. Seven-day-old Fe-deficient plants were transferred to a nutrient solution supplemented daily for 5 days with 0.2 μM Fe as Fe-WEHS (5 μg org. C mL-1), Fe-EDTA, Fe-citrate or FeCl3. These treatments all allowed(More)
Aim of the present work was to investigate the involvement of plasma membrane (PM) H(+)-ATPase (E.C. isoforms of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in the response to Fe deficiency. Two PM H(+)-ATPase cDNAs (CsHA1 and CsHA2) were isolated from cucumber and their expression analysed as a function of Fe nutritional status. Semi-quantitative reverse(More)
Plants react to iron deficiency stress adopting different kind of adaptive responses. Tomato, a Strategy I plant, improves iron uptake through acidification of rhizosphere, reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and transport of Fe2+ into the cells. Large-scale transcriptional analyses of roots under iron deficiency are only available for a very limited number of plant(More)
An investigation was carried out to assess the effect of nitrate supply on the root plasma membrane (PM) H+-ATPase of etiolated maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings grown in hydroponics. The treatment induced higher uptake rates of the anion and the expression of a putative high-affinity nitrate transporter gene (ZmNRT2.1), the first to be identified in maize.(More)
The capacity of Fe-deficient cucumber plants to utilise water-extractable and pyrophosphate-extractable humic substances as a source of Fe was investigated. Plants were grown for 13 days in nutrient solution in the presence or absence of Fe and during the last 7 days water-extractable and pyrophosphate-extractable humic substances were added to the solution(More)
The aim of this work was to clarify the role of S supply in the development of the response to Fe depletion in Strategy I plants. In S-sufficient plants, Fe-deficiency caused an increase in the Fe(III)-chelate reductase activity, 59Fe uptake rate and ethylene production at root level. This response was associated with increased expression of LeFRO1(More)
White lupin (Lupinus albus L.) is able to grow on soils with sparingly available phosphate (P) by producing specialized structures called cluster roots. To mobilize sparingly soluble P forms in soils, cluster roots release substantial amounts of carboxylates and concomitantly acidify the rhizosphere. The relationship between acidification and carboxylate(More)
The effect of a water extractable humic substances fraction (WEHS) on nitrate uptake and plasma membrane (pm) H+-ATPase activity of maize roots was investigated. Four days old maize root seedlings were exposed for 4 to 24 h to a nutrient solution containing 200 μ M nitrate in the absence or presence of 5 mg org. C { L -1 WEHS. Plants exposed to nitrate(More)
The effect of a low-molecular weight, water-extractable fraction of humic substances (WEHS) derived from sphagnum peat on post-embryonic plant development has been studied using Arabidopsis roots. Application of humic substances caused an array of changes in root morphology, such as an increase in root hair length and density, formation of ectopic root(More)