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BACKGROUND & AIMS A system for screening of nutritional risk is described. It is based on the concept that nutritional support is indicated in patients who are severely ill with increased nutritional requirements, or who are severely undernourished, or who have certain degrees of severity of disease in combination with certain degrees of undernutrition.(More)
BACKGROUND Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy is associated with a decrease in seizure frequency in partial-onset seizure patients. Initial trials suggest that it may be an effective treatment, with few side-effects, for intractable depression. METHOD An open, uncontrolled European multi-centre study (D03) of VNS therapy was conducted, in addition to(More)
The refeeding syndrome is a potentially lethal complication of refeeding in patients who are severely malnourished from whatever cause. Too rapid refeeding, particularly with carbohydrate may precipitate a number of metabolic and pathophysiological complications, which may adversely affect the cardiac, respiratory, haematological, hepatic and neuromuscular(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the changes in blood volume and hormones controlling sodium and water homeostasis after infusions of 0.9% saline, Gelofusine (4% succinylated gelatin in 0.7% saline, weight-average molecular weight 30 kD), and Voluven (6% hydroxyethyl starch in 0.9% saline, weight-average molecular weight 130 kD) in healthy volunteers. DESIGN(More)
Patients with upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) cancers often suffer from malnutrition and compromised functional ability. We compared clinical outcome with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube feeding begun at two different time points. The records of 151 patients with UAT carcinomas were reviewed retrospectively. We included patients undergoing(More)
Nutritional intake is often compromised in elderly, multimorbid patients. Enteral nutrition (EN) by means of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) and tube feeding (TF) offers the possibility to increase or to insure nutrient intake in case of insufficient oral food intake. The present guideline is intended to give evidence-based recommendations for the use of(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated whether nutritional risk scores applied at hospital admission predict mortality and complications after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS Some 186 patients were studied prospectively. Clinical details, Reilly's Nutrition Risk Score (NRS) and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) score, tumour stage and surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D and the components of humoral immunity play important roles in human health. Older people have lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels than younger adults. We aimed to determine the levels of 25(OH)D serum concentrations in healthy senior citizens and to study their relationship to the levels of components of humoral immunity.(More)
Perioperative metabolic changes in cardiac surgical patients are not only induced by tissue injury and extracorporeal circulation per se: the systemic inflammatory response to surgical trauma and extracorporeal circulation, perioperative hypothermia, cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses, and drugs and blood products used to maintain cardiovascular(More)
AIM OF STUDY The study served to assure the quality of our catering, to locate problems, and to define further optimization measures at the Bern University Hospital. The main objective was to investigate whether the macronutrient and energy content of the hospital food complies with the nutritional value calculated from recipes as well as with the(More)