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Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of death among women in the United States and remains the most common cause of death from a gynecologic malignancy. Most ovarian cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage in which 5-year survival rate is approximately 30%. Given that the 5-year survival rate is greater than 90% for women diagnosed at an early(More)
BACKGROUND The circulating form of vitamin D, 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), is commonly measured in clinical labs to evaluate vitamin D status of an individual. Vitamin D exists in 2 major forms: vitamin D3 and D2. Current methodologies for 25-OHD testing include antibody or vitamin D binding protein based assays, HPLC, and LC-MS. Although most current(More)
25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) is one of the most popular tests requested by clinicians nowadays because in addition to bone diseases, many non-skeletal disorders have been suggested to be linked to vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency. Methodologies used in clinical laboratories include competitive vitamin D protein binding assays (CPBA), immunoassays, high(More)
A 61-year-old man presented with an increased anion-gap metabolic acidosis, an increased serum osmolal gap, and a negative result in an alcohol screen. Gas chromatography revealed an increased ethylene glycol (EG) concentration (22 mg/dL) and a propylene glycol (PG) result that was below the lower limit of quantification ( 5 mg/dL) (Fig. 1A). The patient(More)
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