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Chinese cultivar Jingzhouheimai of Secale cereale L. confers resistance to several important wheat diseases, making it a useful resource for wheat improvement. Octoploid amphiploid (2n = 8x = 56; AABBDDRR) was synthesized by hybridization of Jingzhouheimai with hexaploid wheat landrace Huixianhong and doubling of the F1 chromosome number. This amphiploid(More)
Gamma radiation induced a series of structural aberrations involving Thinopyrum bessarabicum chromosome 4J. The aberrations allowed for deletion mapping of 101 4J-specific markers and fine mapping of blue-grained gene BaThb. Irradiation can induce translocations and deletions to assist physically locating genes and markers on chromosomes. In this study, a(More)
In comparison with general FISH for preparing probes in terms of time and cost, synthesized oligonucleotide (oligo hereafter) probes for FISH have many advantages such as ease of design, synthesis, and labeling. Low cost and high sensitivity and resolution of oligo probes greatly simplify the FISH procedure as a simple, fast, and efficient method of(More)
Thinopyrum bessarabicum (2n = 2x = 14, JJ or EbEb) is an important genetic resource for wheat improvement due to its salinity tolerance and disease resistance. Development of wheat–Th. bessarabicum translocation lines will facilitate its practical utilization in wheat improvement. In this study, a novel wheat–Th. bessarabicum translocation line(More)
Blue wheat grain contains different groups of pigments that can be used for making specialty foods or as food colorants. Thinopyrum bessarabicum, a wild relative of wheat, carries a blue-grained gene on chromosome 4J. In this study, we analyzed the mitotic chromosomes of 159 F7 lines derived from the cross between Triticum aestivum cv. Chinese Spring (CS)(More)
Multiple structural aberrations produced by chromosome breakage and reunion not only provide new germplasm for enriching genetic diversity but are also helpful for physical mapping of alien chromosomes introgressed into wheat. In this study, mass structural aberrations of rye chromosome 2R were induced by means of spontaneous breakage and reunion,(More)
Chromosome engineering is an important approach for generating wheat germplasm. Efficient development of chromosome aberrations will facilitate the introgression and application of alien genes in wheat. In this study, zebularine, a DNA methylation transferase inhibitor, was successfully used to induce chromosome aberrations in the octoploid triticale(More)
Hordeum californicum (2n = 2x = 14, HH) is resistant to several wheat diseases and tolerant to lower nitrogen. In this study, a molecular karyotype of H. californicum chromosomes in the Triticum aestivum L. cv. Chinese Spring (CS)-H. californicum amphidiploid (2n = 6x = 56, AABBDDHH) was established. By genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) and multicolor(More)
Single-strand oligonucleotides (SSONs hereafter) as probes are becoming a powerful method of chromosome painting in many species. In this study, nine SSONs ((ACT)10, (ACT)19, Knob-1, Knob-2, Knob-3, CentC69-1, MR68-3, K10-72-1, and TR1-357-2) were developed and used for chromosome identification in 16 maize (Zea mays L., 2n = 20) inbred lines and hybrids by(More)
BACKGROUND Concentrations of high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits and macropolymers in wheat grains are important indicators of grain quality, which are genetically determined and affected by environmental factors. The 6 VS·6AL translocation chromosome segment is reported to own high powdery mildew and yellow rust resistance genes of Pm21 and Yr26. This(More)
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