Zengfeng Di

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Graphene has been predicted to play a role in post-silicon electronics due to the extraordinary carrier mobility. Chemical vapor deposition of graphene on transition metals has been considered as a major step towards commercial realization of graphene. However, fabrication based on transition metals involves an inevitable transfer step which can be as(More)
Surface tension of self-assembled metal nanodroplets can be applied to overcome the deformation barriers of strain-engineered nanomembranes and produce extremely nanoscale tubes. Aggregated nanoparticles stress nanomembranes and subsequently integrate on the walls of rolled-up nanotubes, which can speed up the tubular engines owing to the enhanced(More)
Graphene has attracted increasing attention for potential applications in biotechnology due to its excellent electronic property and biocompatibility. Here we use both Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) to investigate the antibacterial actions of large-area monolayer graphene film on conductor Cu,(More)
Carbide films exhibit many unique properties. The development of a versatile and simple technique for the deposition of carbide films will enable a wide range of technological applications. Here we report a cost-effective chemical solution deposition or polymer-assisted deposition method for growing epitaxial carbide (including TiC, VC, and TaC) films.(More)
The unidirectional alignment of graphene islands is essential to the synthesis of wafer-scale single-crystal graphene on Ge(110) surface, but the underlying mechanism is not well-understood. Here we report that the necessary coalignment of the nucleating graphene islands on Ge(110) surface is caused by the presence of step-pattern; we show that on the(More)
From the perspective of surface modification of biomaterials, graphene is very promising because of its unique physical and chemical properties. Herein, we report direct in situ fabrication of graphene on nitinol (NiTi) shape memory alloy by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and investigate both the growth mechanism as well as surface bioactivity of the(More)
Besides the well-known quantum confinement effect, hot luminescence from indirect bandgap Si provides a new and promising approach to realize monolithically integrated silicon optoelectronics due to phonon-assisted light emission. In this work, multiband hot photoluminescence is generated from Si nanowire arrays by introducing trapezoid-shaped nanocavities(More)
By repeating oxidation and subsequent wet chemical etching, we produced ultra-thin silicon nanomembranes down to 10 nm based on silicon-on-insulator structures in a controllable way. The electrical property of such silicon nanomembranes is highly influenced by their contacts with metal electrodes, in which Schottky barriers (SBs) can be tuned by light(More)
We propose a novel semiconductor compatible path for nano-graphene synthesis using precursors containing C-Br bonding and liquid catalyst. The unique combination of CBr4 as precursor and Ga as catalyst leads to efficient C precipitation at a synthesis temperature of 200 °C or lower. The non-wetting nature of liquid Ga on tested substrates limits nano-scale(More)
Graphene derivatives (such as graphene oxide and hydrogenated graphene) have been widely investigated because of their excellent properties. Here, we report large-scale (kilogram scale) synthesis of a new unique graphene derivative: hydroxylated graphene (G-OH). The exclusive existence form of oxygen-containing groups in G-OH is hydroxyl, which was verified(More)