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Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is an important hematopoietic growth factor and immune modulator. GM-CSF also has profound effects on the functional activities of various circulating leukocytes. It is produced by a variety of cell types including T cells, macrophages, endothelial cells and fibroblasts upon receiving immune stimuli.(More)
Serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma is often associated with extrauterine disease. It is currently unclear where does the extrauterine disease come from. This study addressed this issue. A total of 135 samples from 21 serous endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma patients were studied. Cellular lineage relationships between intrauterine and(More)
Leptin overexpression contributes to the tumorigenesis of ovarian cancer. However, the functional mechanism and effects remain unclear. The aberrant expression of tumor-related microRNAs may play an important role in the development of cancer. In this report, we demonstrate that crosstalk between leptin and microRNA-182 and microRNA-96 affects the(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent advances suggest that precancerous lesions of pelvic serous carcinoma (PSC) originate from tubal secretory cells. The purpose of our study was to determine if increased number of secretory cells shows difference in age and location and to examine their association with serous neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Three groups (benign control,(More)
BACKGROUND Resistin, an adipocytokine secreted by fat tissues, has been associated with the inflammatory response, though its role in inflammation during acute pancreatitis (AP) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The proinflammatory response following acinar cell injury impacts pancreatitis severity, necessitating better understanding of functional consequences(More)
Endometriosis is a puzzling and debilitating disease that affects millions of women around the world. Ovary is the most common organ site involved by endometriosis. Despite various hypotheses about its cell of origin, uncertainty remains. On the basis of our clinicopathologic observations, we hypothesize that fallopian tube may contribute the histogenesis(More)
BACKGROUND Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by cytoreduction surgery has been used where an accurate cytologic or pathologic diagnosis is usually required before the initiation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, it is difficult to make definitive diagnosis of presence of cancer cells, particularly gynecologic versus non-gynecologic origin, from those(More)
Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G-protein‑ coupled receptor that senses blood calcium. In vivo, CaSR is required for normal epidermal differentiation by mediating calcium signaling. CaSR was confirmed to be a tumor suppressor in colon and breast cancer. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17251221, located on the intron, is a genetic variation(More)
BACKGROUND Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) and the p53 signature in tubal mucosa have been supported to be precursor lesions in high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) of the fallopian tube, ovary, and peritoneum. It remains critical to find biomarkers for precursor lesions in order to detect HGSCs efficiently. IMP3 is an oncoprotein that has been(More)
The purpose of the study was to establish the subcutaneous model of human extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma in nude mice so as to provide a suitable model for the study of extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma. Surgical specimens of the patient with extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma were transplanted into the subcutaneous layer of nude mice. Growth curve of(More)