Zene Matsuda

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The arcA (dye) and arcB genes of Escherichia coli are responsible for anaerobic repression of target operons and regulons of aerobic function (the arc modulon). The amino acid sequence of ArcA (Dye) indicated that it is the regulator protein of a two-component control system. Here we show that ArcB is a membrane sensor protein on the basis of its deduced(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase of Mr = 120,000 is cleaved by limited proteolysis with alpha-chymotrypsin into two fragments of Mr = 54,000 (54K) and Mr = 66,000 (66K). When the native enzyme is modified with 3-(bromoacetyl)pyridine, both portions of the enzyme are alkylated; however, alkylation of the 54K portions of the enzyme is protected by the addition of(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that the matrix (MA) protein of retroviruses plays a key role in virus assembly by directing the intracellular transport and membrane association of the Gag polyprotein. In this report, we show that the MA protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is also critical for the incorporation of viral Env proteins into mature(More)
Fusion between cell and virus membranes mediated by gp41 initiates the life cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. In contrast to the many studies that have elucidated the structure-function relationship of the ectodomain, the study of the membrane-spanning domain (MSD) has been rather limited. In particular, the role that the MSD's specific amino(More)
It is well documented that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag cleavage site mutations (CSMs) emerge in conjunction with various HIV-1 mutations for protease inhibitor (PI) resistance and improve viral replication capacity, which is reduced by acquisition of the resistance. However, CSMs are not the only mutations that emerge in Gag during(More)
Investigating escape mechanisms of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection and developing effective vaccines. To study the processing and presentation of known CTL epitopes, we prepared Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cells that endogenously express(More)
Characterizing cellular factors involved in the life cycle of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is an initial step toward controlling replication of HIV-1. Actin polymerization mediated by the Arp2/3 complex has been found to play a critical role in some pathogens' intracellular motility. We have asked whether this complex also contributes to the(More)
The vpr gene of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is one of the seven accessory genes that are believed to have roles in the virus replication cycle. We report here the detection of a 13 kD vpr protein in sucrose gradient-purified HIV-1. This protein was not detected in cells infected with a virus having a truncated vpr gene that lacks the(More)
To help understand the dynamic nature of membrane fusion induced by the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) envelope protein, we developed a new cell-based real-time assay system employing a pair of novel reporter proteins. The reporter proteins consist of a pair of split Renilla luciferase (spRL) fused to split green fluorescent protein (spGFP). The(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 2 and the related simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) contain a unique regulatory gene, vpx. The Vpx protein is packaged in mature virions and is required for efficient viral replication in peripheral blood lymphocytes and macrophages. To study the localization of Vpx in mature virions, conical and bar-shaped core(More)