Learn More
Sperm-specific phospholipase Czeta (PLCzeta) is known to induce intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and subsequent early embryonic development when expressed in mouse eggs by injection of RNA encoding PLCzeta (Saunders, C. M., Larman, M. G., Parrington, J., Cox, L. J., Royse, J., Blayney, L. M., Swann, K., and Lai, F. A. (2002) Development 129, 3533-3544).(More)
Sperm-specific phospholipase C-zeta (PLCzeta) induces Ca2+ oscillations and egg activation when injected into mouse eggs. PLCzeta has such a high Ca2+ sensitivity of PLC activity that the enzyme can be active in resting cells at approximately 100 nM Ca2+, suitable for a putative sperm factor to be introduced into the egg at fertilization (Kouchi, Z.,(More)
Invadopodia are ventral membrane protrusions through which invasive cancer cells degrade the extracellular matrix. They are thought to function in the migration of cancer cells through tissue barriers, which is necessary for cancer invasion and metastasis. Although many protein components of invadopodia have been identified, the organization and the role of(More)
Sperm-specific phospholipase C zeta (PLC zeta) is known to induce intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and egg activation when expressed in mouse eggs by injection of RNA encoding PLC zeta. We investigated the expression level and spatial distribution of PLC zeta in the egg in real time and in relation to the initiation and termination of Ca(2+) oscillations(More)
Invadopodia are extracellular matrix-degrading protrusions formed by invasive cancer cells that are thought to function in cancer invasion. Although many invadopodia components have been identified, signaling pathways that link extracellular stimuli to invadopodia formation remain largely unknown. We investigate the role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
A wide occurrence of peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) in mouse organs was demonstrated. PNGase activities were determined using 14C-labeled fetuin glycopeptide I as a substrate by a newly improved enzyme assay based on the paper chromatographic and paper electrophoretic analyses. PNGase activities were detected in both soluble and membranous (or particulate)(More)
The metabolic pathway of Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) involves restricted intracellular proteolysis by secretases, which leads to the secretion of the N-terminal soluble APP (sAPP) and the generation of a cell-associated C-terminal fragment. The precise cellular sites at which these processes occur remain unknown. In this report, we describe(More)
Strong support for a primary causative role of the Abeta peptides in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) neurodegeneration derives from reports that presenilin familial AD (FAD) mutants alter amyloid precursor protein processing, thus increasing production of neurotoxic Abeta 1-42 (Abeta 42). This effect of FAD mutants is also reflected in an(More)
Phospholipase C (PLC), a key enzyme involved in phosphoinositide turnover, hydrolyzes phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate to generate two second messengers, inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate and diacylglycerol. PLCeta2 (PLCeta2), a neuron-specific isozyme of PLC, is abundantly expressed in the postnatal brain, suggesting the importance of PLCeta2 in the(More)
Phospholipase Cδ3 (PLCδ3) is a key enzyme regulating phosphoinositide metabolism; however, its physiological function remains unknown. Because PLCδ3 is highly enriched in the cerebellum and cerebral cortex, we examined the role of PLCδ3 in neuronal migration and outgrowth. PLCδ3 knockdown (KD) inhibits neurite formation of cerebellar granule cells, and(More)