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Maternal use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of congenital abnormalities in the fetus. This is partly attributable to AEDs. We aimed to analyse seizure frequency and the rate and type of any congenital malformation related to pregnancies in women with epilepsy in this prospective study. Eighty four(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of various concentric needle electromyography (EMG) motor unit action potentials (cnMUPs) and macro-EMG motor unit potentials (mMUPs) parameters for differentiation between myopathic motor unit action potentials (MUPs) and normal MUPs. METHODS We have analyzed 112 cnMUPs and 84 mMUPs(More)
Some recent studies indicated that administration of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with occlusive vascular diseases. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor and increased plasma ADMA levels are associated with cardiovascular morbidity. We hypothesized that elevated plasma ADMA concentrations exist(More)
A relationship between hormones and seizures has been reported in animals and humans. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between serum levels of prolactin, nesfatin-1 and ghrelin measured different times after a seizure or non-epileptic event and compared with controls. The study included a total of 70 subjects, and of(More)
INTRODUCTION According to the International Headache Society, ophthalmoplegic migraine is recurrent attacks of headache with migrainous characteristics associated with paresis of one or more ocular cranial nerves (commonly the third nerve) in the absence of any demonstrable intracranial lesion. We report a patient with typical clinical features of(More)
Cerebrovascular blood flow in absence seizures and flow patterns during the ictal period have not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to evaluate cerebral blood flow changes in typical juvenile absence seizures during the ictal and postictal phases. Seizures were recorded in three patients (mean age: 21 +/- 1 years) with multiple daily typical absence(More)
A 38-year-old man developed bilateral anterior cerebral artery territory infarction during the course of a migraine. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral ischemic lesions involving the cortex of the paramedian region of the frontal and parietal lobes, more prominent on the right. Cerebral angiography was normal. To our knowledge, this is the first(More)
The cyclic nature of some of headache disorders is closely related to melatonin, which is secreted by the pineal gland. We report a 29-year-old male patient with a 2.5-year history of headaches that woke him in the middle of the night. These headaches were pulsatile and continued until sunrise. During these attacks he also suffered from allodynia over the(More)
We report a 20 year-old, 28 week-pregnant woman, who developed superior sagittal sinus thrombosis, associated with a decreased free protein S level. Her father, who had been a stroke victim, had also significantly lower level of protein S. In very rare cases, a congenital or acquired protein S deficiency leads to cerebral venous thrombosis. The detection of(More)