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Stabilization of the levels of active oxygen species (AOS) is important to the survival of organisms. To clarify the system controlling levels of AOS in plants, this study used an electron spin resonance (ESR) method to directly measure superoxide radical (O(2)(.-)) scavenging activities in the wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana (Col and Ler ecotypes), two(More)
BACKGROUND Transgenic expression of human complement regulatory proteins reduces the frequency of hyperacute rejection (HAR) in Gal-positive cardiac xenotransplantation. In this study, we examined the impact of human CD55 (hCD55) expression on a Gal knockout (GTKO) background using pig-to-primate heterotopic cardiac xenotransplantation. METHODS Cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND α1,3-Galactosyltransferase gene knockout (GTKO) pigs reduced the significance of antibody to galactose alpha 1,3-galactose (Gal) antigens but did not eliminate delayed xenograft rejection (DXR). We hypothesize that DXR of GTKO organs results from an antibody response to a limited number of non-Gal endothelial cell (EC) membrane antigens. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Xenograft rejection of pigs organs with an engineered mutation in the GGTA-1 gene (GTKO) remains a predominantly antibody mediated process which is directed to a variety of non-Gal protein and carbohydrate antigens. We previously used an expression library screening strategy to identify six porcine endothelial cell cDNAs which encode pig antigens(More)
BACKGROUND Gene profiling methods have been widely useful for delineating changes in gene expression as an approach for gaining insight into the mechanism of rejection or disease pathology. Herein, we use gene profiling to compare changes in gene expression associated with different orthotopic cardiac xenotransplantation (OCXTx) outcomes and to identify(More)
To reveal the signal transduction mechanism of the response to stress in the form of active oxygen species, we used a microarray system to analyze gene expression patterns 2 or 24 h after gamma-irradiation of Arabidopsis. gamma-Irradiation induces several signal transduction and metabolite genes. By analysis of cis-elements located on the promoter region of(More)
BACKGROUND In this investigation we studied the efficacy and durability of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (rAAV9) vector-mediated gene transfer to the transplanted rat heart. METHODS A rAAV9-CMV-lacZ vector diluted in cold (4 degrees C) University of Wisconsin solution was used to perfuse the rat coronary vasculature for 20 minutes prior to(More)
As a method for accurate quantitative and qualitative analysis of cell transcription, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) has been widely used in biological, medical, and pharmaceutical areas of research. The numerous steps required in the SAGE protocol, however, limit the efficiency of SAGE library construction. PCR amplification of ditags and(More)
BACKGROUND Rejection of Gal-free (GTKO) donor pig cardiac xenografts is strongly associated with vascular non-Gal antibody binding, endothelial cell (EC) injury, and activation and microvascular thrombosis. We adopted a pig-to-SCID/beige small animal transplant model to compare the pathogenicity of baboon and human anti-pig antibody. METHODS Wild-type(More)
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