Zeev Valy Vardeny

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Electroluminescence in organic light-emitting diodes arises from a charge-transfer reaction between the injected positive and negative charges by which they combine to form singlet excitons that subsequently decay radiatively. The quantum yield of this process (the number of photons generated per electron or hole injected) is often thought to have a(More)
We describe a novel electro-optic double-modulation ~DM! sampling technique for ultrafast transient spectroscopy, which is characterized by a superior signal-to-noise ratio compared to that of a regular single-modulation technique. DM is achieved by a combined effect of a radio-frequency modulation, which eliminates most of the low-frequency noise, and an(More)
177 The use of optical interference to enhance device performance is one of the most important tools in modern optics1. Important examples include photonic crystals2–4, laser action in distributed feedback resonators5,6, anomalous transmission through perforated metal films with subwavelength aperture arrays7, coherent backscattering enhancement8–10, image(More)
We studied the ultrafast transient response of photoexcitations in two hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite films used for high efficiency photovoltaic cells, namely, CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) and CH(3)NH(3)PbI(1.1)Br(1.9) using polarized broadband pump-probe spectroscopy in the spectral range of 0.3-2.7 eV with 300 fs time resolution. For CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) with(More)
Resonantly enhanced light transmission through periodic subwavelength aperture arrays perforated in metallic films has generated significant interest because of potential applications in near-field microscopy, photolithography, displays, and thermal emission. The enhanced transmission was originally explained by a mechanism where surface plasmon polaritons(More)
Recent advances in organic spin response include long polaron spin-coherence times measured by optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR), substantive room-temperature magnetoelectroluminescence and magnetoconductance obtained in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and spin-polarized carrier injection from ferromagnetic electrodes in organic spin valves(More)
Recently, much effort has been devoted to improve the efficiency of organic photovoltaic solar cells based on blends of donors and acceptors molecules in bulk heterojunction architecture. One of the major losses in organic photovoltaic devices has been recombination of polaron pairs at the donor-acceptor domain interfaces. Here, we present a novel method to(More)
We studied the femtosecond dynamics of photoexcitations in films containing semiconducting and metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), using various pump-probe wavelengths and intensities. We found that confined excitons and charge carriers with subpicosecond dynamics dominate the ultrafast response in semiconducting and metallic SWNTs,(More)
The spin-polarized organic light-emitting diode (spin-OLED) has been a long-sought device within the field of organic spintronics. We designed, fabricated, and studied a spin-OLED with ferromagnetic electrodes that acts as a bipolar organic spin valve (OSV), based on a deuterated derivative of poly(phenylene-vinylene) with small hyperfine interaction. In(More)
We have measured the ratio, r = sigma(S)/sigma(T) of the formation cross section, sigma of singlet and triplet excitons from polarons in pi-conjugated oligomer and polymer films, using a spectroscopic technique we developed recently. We discovered a universal relation between r and the conjugation length (CL): r(-1) depends linearly on CL-1, irrespective of(More)