Learn More
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the role of Cypher/ZASP in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with or without isolated non-compaction of the left ventricular myocardium (INLVM). BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy, characterized by left ventricular dilation and systolic dysfunction with signs of heart failure, is genetically transmitted in 30% to 40%(More)
AIM Determination of plasma levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) in infants and children with and without heart diseases. METHODS Plasma N-BNP was measured in 78 infants and children without heart disease and in 55 infants and children with heart disease causing volume and pressure overload. Heart diseases included chronic dilated(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether plasma levels of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) could differentiate between heart failure and lung disease among infants with acute respiratory distress. In addition, our aim was to determine whether plasma levels of N-BNP could be used to monitor the effects of treatment among(More)
BACKGROUND Functional assessment of the fetal heart has always been a challenge. Automatic functional imaging (AFI), a novel non-Doppler methodology based on 2-dimensional acoustic markers tracking, measures myocardial deformation regardless of angle of interrogation. Thus, we studied the validity of AFI in segmental and global assessment of myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Significant advancements in understanding the molecular pathophysiology of laterality determination were recently made. However, there are large gaps in our knowledge of the initial processes that lead to laterality defects, such as heterotaxy syndrome (HS, also known as situs ambiguous) and situs inversus totalis (SIT). The former refers to(More)
OBJECTIVE N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide has been shown to be a marker for cardiac dysfunction. The peptide level is also elevated in patients with sepsis. The purpose of this study was to assess whether N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels can differentiate pediatric patients with sepsis from patients with acute left ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND A fetus exposed to maternal anti-SSA/Ro or anti-SSB/La antibodies (or both) may develop complete atrioventricular block (AVB), which results in high prenatal and postnatal morbidity and mortality. Until recently, only high-grade AVB could be diagnosed in utero. The tissue velocity-based fetal kinetocardiogram (FKCG) enables accurate measurement(More)
BACKGROUND Anthracyclines are widely used in the treatment of pediatric cancer but their use is associated with cardiotoxicity. The cardiotoxic effect may become clinically apparent many years after therapy, and no reliable method exists for early detection of cardiac damage while the patient is receiving the drug. The natriuretic peptides have been(More)
BACKGROUND Laterality in the vertebrate embryo is determined by left-right asymmetric gene expression driven by the flow of extraembryonic fluid across the embryonic node. Defects in these processes cause heterotaxy, the abnormal formation and arrangement of visceral organs that can range from complete inversion of symmetry to the selective misarrangement(More)
BACKGROUND Heterozygous mutations in the FOXF1 transcription factor gene are implicated in alveolar capillary dysplasia with misalignment of pulmonary veins (ACDMPV), a developmental disorder of the lungs classically presenting with pulmonary hypertension and early demise. Evidence has suggested haploinsufficiency and partial paternal imprinting. We present(More)