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Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is an organ-specific, T lymphocyte-mediated autoimmune disease, which serves as a model for several human ocular inflammations of an apparently autoimmune nature. EAU pathology in some rodents and in monkeys can readily be induced by immunization with several different retinal proteins; however, advancing research(More)
Using a synthetic peptide mimicking the NH2-terminus of beta-actin we have raised a monoclonal antibody specific for this cytoplasmic actin isoform. Specificity of the antibody was demonstrated by its labelling of the actin polypeptide only in tissues containing the beta isoform, by its exclusive recognition of the synthetic beta-actin peptide amongst those(More)
A novel phosphorylation-specific antibody (alphapbeta-catenin) was generated against a peptide corresponding to amino acids 33-45 of human beta-catenin, which contained phosphorylated serines at positions 33 and 37. This antibody is specific to phosphorylated beta-catenin and reacts neither with the non-phosphorylated protein nor with phosphorylated or(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase, ERK is activated by a dual phosphorylation on threonine and tyrosine residues. Using a synthetic diphospho peptide, we have generated a monoclonal antibody directed to the active ERK. The antibody specifically identified the active doubly phosphorylated, but not the inactive mono- or non- phosphorylated forms of ERKs. A(More)
Differentiated smooth muscle cells typically contain a mixture of muscle (alpha and gamma) and cytoplasmic (beta and gamma) actin isoforms. Of the cytoplasmic actins the beta-isoform is the more dominant, making up from 10% to 30% of the total actin complement. Employing an antibody raised against the N-terminal peptide specific to beta-actin, which labels(More)
When cells are stimulated by mitogens, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is activated by phosphorylation of its regulatory threonine (Thr) and tyrosine (Tyr) residues. The inactivation of ERK may occur by phosphatase-mediated removal of the phosphates from these Tyr, Thr or both residues together. In this study, antibodies that selectively(More)
The immunohistologic properties of two monoclonal antibodies produced by hybridomas generated from bovine retinal S-antigen (S-Ag) immunized mice were investigated. These monoclonal antibodies demonstrated a low antibody titer to the original S-Ag preparation by the ELISA method. Immunohistologic studies using avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) showed(More)
A procedure is described for the detection of an in vitro proliferative response to the autologous mouse myelin basic protein in mice injected with mouse spinal cord homogenate (MSCH) or with myelin basic proteins (BP) of mouse (MBP) or rat (RBP) origin. The administration of MSCH, but not of MBP or RBP, in a suitable adjuvant could produce a reproducible(More)
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis was induced in genetically susceptible Lewis rats by passive transfer of T-lymphocyte cell lines from long-term cultures primed against soluble retinal antigen (S-Ag). A continuous T-cell line was established from non-adherent lymph node cells of S-Ag-immunized Lewis rats. The lymphoid cells were propagated in vitro by(More)
Certain adult T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders are associated with human T-cell leukaemia virus (HTLV), a unique human type C retrovirus. (The strains of HTLV used in these studies belong to the subgroup HTLV-I.) HTLV is not an endogenous agent in man, but rather is an acquired virus with T-cell tropism. Neoplastic cells from patients infected with HTLV(More)