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OBJECTIVE Preliminary clinical experience with a novel, compact, intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided system that can be used in an ordinary operating room is presented. DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTATION The system features an MRI scanner integrated with an optical and MRI tracking system. Scanning and navigation, which are operated by the(More)
Rapid infusion of 0.25 ml/g of 0.9% saline over 30 minutes has been shown to have no effect on electrolyte balance, neurological severity score (NSS), or brain edema, following closed head trauma (CHT). Rapid infusion of the same volume of 5% dextrose solution decreased blood sodium concentration, increased edema, and decreased NSS following CHT. In the(More)
Endoscopic resection is becoming a well-established treatment option for patients with colloid cysts of the third ventricle. A disadvantage of this approach is the decreased ability to resect cysts in their entirety. Correlations between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and cyst content could potentially help surgeons decide on the extent of(More)
We studied prospectively 46 members of a kindred with familial medullary thyroid carcinoma to determine the importance of possible cellular immune reactivity to tumor antigen. We evaluated in vitro production of macrophage-migration-inhibitory factor and 3H-thymidine uptake by lymphocytes from patients, family members and normal subjects in response to(More)
To detect familial medullary thyroid carcinoma in a premetastatic stage, we administered tests provocative of calcitonin secretion (infusion of calcium or pentagastrin or both) each year for seven years to members of a pedigree now numbering 107. Since 1970, 21 patients converted from normal to abnormal secretory responses (two separate tests in which(More)
Early experience with continuous monitoring of jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2) suggested that this technology might allow early identification of global cerebral ischaemia in patients with severe head injury. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between episodes of jugular venous desaturation and neurological outcome.(More)
The traditional practice of elevating the head in order to lower intracranial pressure (ICP) in head-injured patients has been challenged in recent years. Some investigators argue that patients with intracranial hypertension should be placed in a horizontal position, the rationale being that this will increase the cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) and(More)
Excitatory amino acids (EAA), mainly glutamate and aspartate, are released in excessive amounts from terminals of ischemic or traumatically injured neurons. These excessive levels of EAAs initiate a cascade of events believed to lead to secondary delayed damage to the surrounding brain. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists MK-801 and ketamine are(More)
The relationships of hormonal mediators to the systemic hypermetabolism and catabolism of head injury were studied in 15 patients with severe head injuries. Resting energy expenditure (REE), urinary nitrogen balance, and plasma glucose concentration were measured daily for the first 2 weeks after injury as the major indicators of hypermetabolism. These(More)
AD, a 45-year-old man, presented with a severe and global anterograde amnesia following surgery for removal of a colloid cyst. Structural neuroimaging confirmed bilateral lesions to the fornix and a small lesion in the basal forebrain. Testing for remote episodic memory of autobiographical events, and for remote semantic memory of personal and public(More)