Zeelha Abdool

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OBJECTIVE Pelvic floor trauma as a result of vaginal childbirth can cause significant pelvic floor morbidity. In this observational study, we intended to define whether such trauma is associated with abnormal hiatal biometry and/or abnormal biomechanical properties of the levator muscle. STUDY DESIGN The datasets of 414 urogynecologic patients were(More)
AIM To determine the accuracy and predictive value of transperineal (TPU) and endovaginal ultrasound (EVU) in the detection of anal sphincter defects in women with obstetric anal sphincter injuries and/or postpartum symptoms of faecal incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and sixty-five women were recruited, four women were excluded as they were(More)
OBJECTIVE To date, most studies on functional anatomy of the pelvic floor have focused on Caucasian women. There is scant information on this topic involving other ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate levator hiatal area and pelvic organ descent in three racially diverse ethnic groups of healthy nulliparous South Asian, Caucasian and(More)
Endoanal ultrasound is now regarded as the gold standard for evaluating anal sphincter pathology in the investigation of anal incontinence. The advent of three-dimensional ultrasound has further improved our understanding of the two-dimensional technique. Endoanal ultrasound requires specialised equipment and its relative invasiveness has prompted(More)
INTRODUCTION Hormonal fluctuations may influence fibrin structure. During the menstrual cycle, plasma fibrinogen levels change, mainly due to the variations of estrogen. Throughout the menstrual cycle estrogen levels peak twice, first during the mid-follicular phase and then a lower second peak during the luteal phase. MATERIALS AND METHODS In order to(More)
INTRODUCTION Normal pregnancy is characterized by significant alterations in the haemostatic system accompanied by an augmented risk of thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The fibrin network ultrastructure of different phases of pregnancy, namely early pregnancy (week 8-14), late pregnancy (week 36-40) as well as post-partum (week 6-8 after birth) were(More)
The etiology of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) likely includes over-distension or tears (avulsion) of the levator ani muscle. However, there is a lack of studies evaluating the association between symptoms of POP and these factors. This study was designed to determine the association between POP symptoms and clinical prolapse stage on the one hand, and pelvic(More)
History of the study of uterine cavity Although the interior of the uterus has been studied for more than two centuries by pioneers using mirrors, specula and candles, modern hysteroscopy was practiced from the early 1900’s when David described the technique, the indications and contraindications. Hysteroscopy is now considered the gold standard not only(More)
There is a lack of epidemiological studies evaluating female pelvic organ prolapse in developing countries. Current studies have largely focused on women of white ethnicity. This study was designed to determine interethnic variation in pelvic floor functional anatomy, namely, levator hiatal distensibility and pelvic organ descent, in women with symptomatic(More)
To avoid injury to the perineal branches of the pudendal nerve during urinary incontinence sling procedures, a thorough knowledge of the course of these nerve branches is essential. The dorsal nerve of the clitoris (DNC) may be at risk when performing the retropubic (tension-free vaginal tape) procedure as well as the inside-out and outside-in(More)
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