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Oxygen is a potent modulator of cell function and wound repair in vivo. The lack of oxygen (hypoxia) can create a potentially lethal environment and limit cellular respiration and growth or, alternatively, enhance the production of the specific extracellular matrix components and increase angiogenesis through the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 pathway. For the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and -II have been cloned from a number of teleost species, but their cellular actions in fish are poorly defined. In this study, we show that both IGF-I and -II stimulated zebrafish embryonic cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas insulin had little mitogenic activity. Affinity(More)
We have examined the influence of nutrition on plasma IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) levels and on hepatic IGF-I gene expression in young meat-type chickens. Plasma IGF concentrations were measured by using RIA with recombinant chicken IGFs as standards. In chickens fed the control diet containing 200 g/kg dietary protein ad libitum for 7(More)
This paper describes the development and validation of a commercially available radioimmunoassay (RIA) for the detection of fish insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). The assay was developed using recombinant barramundi IGF-I as antigen and recombinant tuna IGF-I as radiolabelled tracer and standard. Assay sensitivity was 0.15 ng/ml, inter-assay variation(More)
We study MCF-7 breast cancer cell movement in a transwell apparatus. Various experimental conditions lead to a variety of monotone and nonmonotone responses which are difficult to interpret. We anticipate that the experimental results could be caused by cell-to-cell adhesion or volume exclusion. Without any modeling, it is impossible to understand the(More)
Wound healing is a complex process involving the delicate interaction between elements that vary widely in nature and size scales, from the nanometre level, such as molecules, to cells measured in micrometres, and fibres with width and length measured on both scales. Hybrid approaches, where each species is represented by a model on an appropriate size(More)
Wound healing involves a complex series of biochemical events and has traditionally been managed with 'low tech' dressings and bandages. The concept that diagnostic and theranostic sensors can complement wound management is rapidly growing in popularity as there is tremendous potential to apply this technology to both acute and chronic wounds. Benefits in(More)
A large amount of research, primarily in mammals, has defined to a great extent the pleiotropic effects of the IGF system on growth, development, and intermediary metabolism. Similar elucidations in poultry were hindered to some extent by the absence of native peptides (IGF-I and IGF-II) until their purification, followed by the production of recombinant(More)
Regenerative medicine-based approaches for the repair of damaged cartilage rely on the ability to propagate cells while promoting their chondrogenic potential. Thus, conditions for cell expansion should be optimized through careful environmental control. Appropriate oxygen tension and cell expansion substrates and controllable bioreactor systems are(More)
Melt electrospinning in a direct writing mode is a recent additive manufacturing approach to fabricate porous scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. In this study, we describe porous and cell-invasive poly (ε-caprolactone) scaffolds fabricated by combining melt electrospinning and a programmable x-y stage. Fibers were 7.5 ± 1.6 µm in diameter and(More)