Zee-Fen Chang

Learn More
The RhoA GTPase plays a vital role in assembly of contractile actin-myosin filaments (stress fibers) and of associated focal adhesion complexes of adherent monolayer cells in culture. GEF-H1 is a microtubule-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor that activates RhoA upon release from microtubules. The overexpression of GEF-H1 deficient in microtubule(More)
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a death domain-containing serine/threonine kinase, and participates in various apoptotic paradigms. Here, we identify the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as a DAPK-interacting protein. DAPK interacts with ERK through a docking sequence within its death domain and is a substrate of ERK. Phosphorylation of(More)
Cell migration involves the cooperative reorganization of the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons, as well as the turnover of cell-substrate adhesions, under the control of Rho family GTPases. RhoA is activated at the leading edge of motile cells by unknown mechanisms to control actin stress fiber assembly, contractility, and focal adhesion dynamics. The(More)
Human cytosolic thymidine kinase (TK1) is tightly regulated in the cell cycle by multiple mechanisms. Our laboratory has previously shown that in mitotic-arrested cells human TK1 is phosphorylated at serine-13, accompanied by a decrease in catalytic efficiency. In this study we investigated whether serine-13 phosphorylation regulated TK1 activity and found(More)
The fidelity of DNA replication in eukaryotic cells requires a balanced dNTP supply in the S phase. During the cell cycle progression, the production of dTTP is highly regulated to coordinate with DNA replication. Intracellular thymidine is salvaged to dTTP by cytosolic thymidine kinase (TK1) and thymidylate kinase (TMPK), both of which expression increase(More)
The expression of human thymidine kinase 1 (hTK1) is highly dependent on the growth states and cell cycle stages in mammalian cells. The amount of hTK1 is significantly increased in the cells during progression to the S and M phases, and becomes barely detectable in the early G(1) phase by a proteolytic control during mitotic exit. This tight regulation is(More)
It has been reported that the polypeptide of thymidine kinase type 1 (TK1) from human and mouse cells can be modified by phosphorylation. Our laboratory has further shown that the level of human TK phosphorylation increases during mitotic arrest in different cell types (Chang, Z.-F., Huang, D.-Y., and Hsue, N.-C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:21249-21254). In(More)
Cellular supply of dNTPs is essential in the DNA replication and repair processes. Here we investigated the regulation of thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) in response to DNA damage and found that genotoxic insults in tumor cells cause up-regulation and nuclear localization of TK1. During recovery from DNA damage, TK1 accumulates in p53-null cells due to a lack of(More)
The Vibrio vulnificus nuclease, Vvn, is a non-specific periplasmic nuclease capable of digesting DNA and RNA. The crystal structure of Vvn and that of Vvn mutant H80A in complex with DNA were resolved at 2.3 A resolution. Vvn has a novel mixed alpha/beta topology containing four disulfide bridges, suggesting that Vvn is not active under reducing conditions(More)
Contractile forces mediated by RhoA and Rho kinase (ROCK) are required for a variety of cellular processes, including cell adhesion. In this study, we show that RhoA-dependent ROCKII activation is negatively regulated by phosphorylation at a conserved tyrosine residue (Y722) in the coiled-coil domain of ROCKII. Tyrosine phosphorylation of ROCKII is(More)