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Alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) binds proteases, thereby acting as defense barriers against pathogens in the plasma and tissues of vertebrates and invertebrates. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation method were used to determine the expression levels of A2M mRNA and proteins in(More)
Earlobe color is a naturally and artificially selected trait in chicken. As a head furnishing trait, it has been selected as a breed characteristic. Research has demonstrated that white/red earlobe color was related to at least three loci and sex-linked. However, there has been little work to date to identify the specific genomic regions and genes response(More)
The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the effect of high-dose erythropoietin (EPO; 5000 U/kg) on expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the facial nucleus after facial nerve transection; and (2) to explore whether this effect is relevant to facial motor neuron survival. Forty-two Wistar rats (250-300 g) of both sexes were used in this(More)
Polydactyly is one of the most common hereditary congenital limb malformations in chickens and other vertebrates. The zone of polarizing activity regulatory sequence (ZRS) is critical for the development of polydactyly. The causative mutation of polydactyly in the Silkie chicken has been mapped to the ZRS; however, the causative mutations of other chicken(More)
Heat stress has resulted in great losses in poultry production. To address this issue, we systematically analyzed chicken hypothalamus transcriptome responses to thermal stress using a 44 k chicken Agilent microarray, Hypothalamus samples were collected from a control group reared at 25°C, a heat-stress group treated at 34°C for 24 h, and a(More)
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