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The mammalian superior colliculus (SC) contains a neural map of auditory space. It is not known whether this topographic representation emerges at the level of the SC or is relayed there from other auditory areas. We have used retrograde labelling techniques in ferrets to examine the sources and pattern of innervation from auditory brainstem nuclei. After(More)
Over the last three decades, the brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) has been used to assess functional integrity and development of the auditory system and the brain in conditions that affect the brainstem auditory pathway. As a non-invasive objective test, BAER is particularly suitable in very young or sick infants. It is the major tool to detect(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine brain-stem auditory function at term in very preterm infants who suffered chronic lung disease (CLD). METHODS Brain-stem auditory evoked response (BAER) was recorded at term with clicks in 25 very preterm infants with CLD and no concomitant other major perinatal problems. RESULTS Compared to those in normal term controls, BAER wave(More)
Relative maturation of peripheral and central regions of the neonatal brainstem was studied using brainstem auditory evoked responses in 174 healthy preterm infants (gestational age 30-36 wk). From 30- to 42-wk postconceptional age (PCA), I-III and III-V intervals shortened with increasing age. It was difficult to detect any apparent differences in(More)
OBJECTIVES Whether term infants in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have brainstem auditory abnormalities remains to be determined. This study aimed to detect any abnormality in brainstem auditory function in term neonates who are admitted to NICU. METHODS From a NICU, we recruited 55 term neonates with various perinatal problems. They were studied(More)
UNLABELLED Covering a cough can be useful in reducing the transmission of airborne infectious diseases. However, no simple method is available in the literature for predicting the exhaled airflow from a cough with the mouth covered. This investigation used smoke to visualize the airflow exhaled by 16 human subjects. Their mouths were covered by a tissue, a(More)
CONCLUSION Peripheral auditory threshold does not correlate with brainstem auditory function in preterm infants. Infants with peripheral auditory abnormality seem not to be necessarily more prone to brainstem auditory abnormality than those without the elevation, although further studies are needed in a larger number of subjects. OBJECTIVE To investigate(More)
Unilateral, discrete injections of red and green fluorescent latex microspheres or injections of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) were made into the ferret's superior colliculus (SC) to characterize the topographic organization of the projection from the parabigeminal nucleus (PBN). Retrograde labelling in the PBN(More)
Conductive hearing loss, produced by otitis media with effusion, is widespread in young children. However, little is known about its short- or long-term effects on hearing or the brain. To study the consequences of a conductive loss for the perception and processing of sounds, we plugged the left ear canal of ferrets for 7-15 months during either infancy or(More)
Binaural interaction (BI) components in brain-stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and their changes with stimulus intensity and repetition rate were examined in human adult. Seven BI components were identified, which occurred between the latency range of 5 and 11 ms and coincided consistently with the latency range of BAEP waves IV-VII. Waves DV and DVII,(More)