Zdzislaw Kleinrok

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Microinjections of the cholinergic agonists, carbachol and bethanechol, either into the amygdala or into the dorsal hippocampus produced sustained limbic seizures and brain damage in rats. Systemic administration of pilocarpine in rats resulted in a sequence of convulsive disorders and widespread brain damage as well. Scopolamine prevented the development(More)
The interaction of 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, with the protective activity of conventional antiepileptics against pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizures was tested in mice. Alone, 7-nitroindazole (up to 50 mg/kg) was ineffective in this model of experimental epilepsy. However, it potentiated the anticonvulsive(More)
Nitric oxide may be involved in seizure phenomena even though data often seem to be contradictory. This prompted us to study the influence of nitric oxide upon electrically and chemically induced seizures. The effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine (NNA), on pentylenetetrazol-, aminooxyacetic acid-, aminophylline-induced seizures or(More)
The present results refer to the action of three gonadal steroid antihormones, tamoxifen (TXF, an estrogen antagonist), cyproterone acetate (CYP, an antiandrogen) and mifepristone (MIF, a progesterone antagonist) on seizure phenomena in mice. TXF and CYP at their lowest protective dose in the electroconvulsive threshold test, enhanced the antiseizure(More)
NG-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, an unspecific nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), applied at 1 and 40 mg/kg, did not influence the electroconvulsive threshold, but impaired the anticonvulsant activity of valproate (at 40 mg/kg) and phenobarbital (at 1 and 40 mg/kg). No effect was observed in the case of carbamazepine and diphenylhydantoin. The(More)
Aminophylline (theophylline2·ethylenediamine) in the dose of 12.5 mg/kg (i.p.) was ineffective upon all antiepileptic drugs studied and at the higher dose of 25 mg/kg, impaired the anticonvulsant action of phenobarbital and valproate against maximal electroshock in mice. The protection offered by diphenylhydantoin was diminished by aminophylline at 50 mg/kg(More)
The effects of three gonadal steroid antihormones, tamoxifen (TXF, an estrogen antagonist), cyproterone acetate (CYP, an antiandrogen) and mifepristone (MIF, a progesterone antagonist) alone or combined with conventional antiepileptics were evaluated in amygdala-kindled seizures in male and female rats. None of the three antihormones used in this study(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the role of NMDA receptors in modulation of protective effect against bicuculline toxicity after transient brain ischemia in mice. Animals were exposed for 30 min to bilateral clamping of the common carotid arteries (BCCA) in anaesthesia. MK-801 was administered intraperitoneally in two paradigms: a) acute treatment:(More)
Among three calcium channel inhibitors, only nicardipine (10–40mg/kg) significantly inhibited clonic seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol administered at its CD97 (convulsive dose 97%) of 81mg/kg, subcutaneously. Nimodipine and flunarizine (both up to 80mg/kg) did not suppress pentylenetetrazol-induced clonic seizures per se. Co-administration of(More)
CGS 15943 A (a nonxanthine adenosine antagonist) was studied on the protective efficacy of carbamazepine (60 min prior to the convulsive test), diazepam (60 min), diphenylhydantoin (120 min), phenobarbital (120 min), and valproate (30 min) against maximal electroshock-induced convulsions in mice. Moreover, the influence of the adenosine antagonist on(More)