Zdenka Policova

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The adhesion of five strains of bacteria, i.e., Staphylococcus aureus (strain 049), Staphylococcus epidermidis (strain 047), Escherichia coli (strains 055 and 2627), and Listeria monocytogenes, to various polymeric surfaces was studied. The design of the experimental protocol was dictated by thermodynamic considerations. From the thermodynamic model for the(More)
Chitosan is a natural, cationic polysaccharide derived from fully or partially deacetylated chitin. Chitosan is capable of inducing large phospholipid aggregates, closely resembling the function of nonionic polymers tested previously as additives to therapeutic lung surfactants. The effects of chitosan on improving the surface activity of a dilute lung(More)
Pulmonary surfactant is crucial to maintain the proper functioning of the respiration system. Certain types of blood proteins (e.g. albumin) were found to inhibit the activity of pulmonary surfactant. Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis (ADSA) was used to study the effect of dextran to restore the activity of an albumin-inhibited pulmonary surfactant. It was(More)
The interaction between a cationic polyelectrolyte, chitosan, and an exogenous bovine lung extract surfactant (BLES) was studied using dynamic compression/expansion cycles of dilute BLES preparations in a Constrained Sessile Drop (CSD) device equipped with an environmental chamber conditioned at 37 degrees C and 100% R.H. air. Under these conditions, dilute(More)
To quantitate surface hydrophobicity of the intestine, we measured contact angles formed with water droplets in multiple regions of rabbit intestine at varying ages (suckling, weanling, and adult) and after dinitrochlorobenzene-induced colitis. Contact angles were measured using novel methods: axisymmetric drop-shape analysis-contact diameter for contact(More)
Gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori results in chronic active gastritis and in some individuals is associated with complications such as peptic ulceration and gastric cancers. A balance between bacterial factors and host responses may determine disease outcome. The mouse-adapted H. pylori strain SS1 has been utilized as a model to study disease(More)
The primary role of lung surfactant is to reduce surface tension at the air-liquid interface of alveoli during respiration. Axisymmetric drop shape analysis (ADSA) was used to study the effect of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) on the rate of surface film formation of a bovine lipid extract surfactant (BLES), a therapeutic lung surfactant preparation. PEG of(More)
It has been reported in the literature that sugars such as dextrose and sucrose increase the surface tension of water. The effect was interpreted as a depletion of the solute molecules from the water-air interface. This paper presents accurate measurements of the surface tension of different concentrations of dextrose solution as well as its polymer (i.e.,(More)
The lipolytic responses to dihydroergotamine (5 mug/mi) of isolated rat adipocytes andto epinephrine (50 ng/m1 and 1 mug/m1) of both rat and dog adipocytes were measured over a period of two hours. Glycerol release was calculated as a function of either glycerol ester content or of cell number per incubation vial. The conventional calculation based on(More)
Collapse pressure of insoluble monolayers is a property determined from surface pressure/area isotherms. Such isotherms are commonly measured by a Langmuir film balance or a drop shape technique using a pendant drop constellation (ADSA-PD). Here, a different embodiment of a drop shape analysis, called axisymmetric drop shape analysis-constrained sessile(More)