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Normalization of the dimensions of cardiac structures to the size of the body, using so-called Z scores, is becoming increasingly common in the management of infants and children with congenital heart disease. Current published nomograms for the ascertainment of Z scores for cardiac structures in childhood are based largely on normal data obtained in(More)
OBJECTIVE Somatostatin and its analogs have recently been introduced in the treatment of chylous effusions in infants and children following surgery. The safety profile of this treatment in critically ill patients has not been fully evaluated. DESIGN Retrospective case review. SETTING Tertiary pediatric cardiac center. PATIENTS A male infant born by(More)
All 91,823 children born in 1980 in Bohemia (population 6.314 million; area 52,478 square kilometers) were examined at least four times during infancy and at the age of three and four years. All children who died were autopsied and those with heart disease were selected. A total of 779 children (8.223/1000 live births) were suspected by provincial pediatric(More)
OBJECTIVES Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum is a form of congenital heart disease usually associated with right-heart hypoplasia, with considerable morphologic heterogeneity and often poor outlook. Ascertainment of risk factors for poor outcome is an important step if an improvement in outcome is to be achieved. METHODS The UK and Ireland(More)
Three patients with recurrent bronchial stenosis following single lung transplant (SLTx), and one patient with tracheal stenosis following heart-lung transplantation (HLTx), not responding to repeated dilatations (3 patients) and prolonged use of silastic stents (patient with tracheal stenosis), have been treated by the endoscopic insertion of Gianturco(More)
Controversy remains about the growth of the pulmonary arteries following a bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis in children with complex cyanotic congenital cardiac malformations. This is partially due to the morphological heterogeneity of the patients, and partially due to methodological differences in series published so far. It is further(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that tight blood glucose (BG) control improves outcomes in critically ill adults. Children show similar hyperglycaemic responses to surgery or critical illness. However it is not known whether tight control will benefit children given maturational differences and different disease spectrum. METHODS/DESIGN The study(More)
We assessed the effect of milrinone on myocardial function in pediatric patients with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome by index of myocardial performance in a prospective, open-label, nonrandomized, consecutive study. Fifteen patients with low cardiac output syndrome following cardiac surgical treatment were studied in the tertiary cardiothoracic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the extent of intrapulmonary right to left shunting in children after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA). DESIGN Prospective study of patients who underwent BCPA in a single centre. PATIENTS 17 patients with complex cyanotic congenital cardiac malformations who underwent BCPA at 1-45 months of age (median 21 months)(More)
OBJECTIVES We describe the morphologic variability in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) within a population-based study. BACKGROUND An uncommon disease, PAIVS shows considerable morphologic heterogeneity. Clinical reports, based mostly on small samples of patients, may not reflect the true spectrum of pathology of this condition. We(More)