Zdena Bartosová

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Germline mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes account for the majority of hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC). Identification of causal mutations may have significant impact on clinical management of such families. Despite high mutation detection rate, many HBOC cases remain without identified cause. These cases warrant use of several analysis methods, such(More)
Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC) represents 1-3% of all diagnosed colorectal cancers (CRCs). This study aimed to evaluate the benefit of clinical criteria and several molecular assays for diagnosis of this syndrome. We examined tumors of 104 unrelated clinically characterized colorectal cancer patients for causal mismatch(More)
Depending on the population studied, large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes constitute various proportions of the germline mutations that predispose to hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). It has been reported that loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the LGR region occurs through a gene conversion mechanism in(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae rad52 mutants are sensitive to many DNA damaging agents, mainly to those that induce DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). In the yeast, DSBs are repaired primarily by homologous recombination (HR). Since almost all HR events are significantly reduced in the rad52 mutant cells, the Rad52 protein is believed to be a key component of(More)
BACKGROUND In the workup of patients with suspected hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), detection of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) could help pinpoint the mismatch-repair (MMR) gene carrying the germline mutation, but analysis of microsatellite markers has proved unreliable for this purpose. We developed a simple, low-cost method based on(More)
UNLABELLED The human multidrug resistance gene (<em>MDR1</em>) is encoding the transmembrane transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) which plays an important role in the efflux of various drugs and thus is potentially influencing the drug-treatment outcome. It has been indicated that the level of P-gp activity may be affected by the presence of single nucleotide(More)
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterized by number of hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and by mucocutaneous hypermelanocytic lesions at different sites. Older patients have an increased risk of the cancers of small intestine, stomach, pancreas, colon, esophagus, ovary, testis, uterus, breast and lung. In majority of PJS cases, the(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is associated with germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair genes, predominantly MSH2 and MLH1. Mutation carriers develop cancers in the colorectum, endometrium, ovary, stomach, small intestine and the upper urinary tract. We describe here the results of a mutational analysis of 11 unrelated HNPCC patients(More)
Members of hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) families harboring heterozygous germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes hMSH2 or hMLH1 present with tumors generally two to three decades earlier than individuals with nonfamilial sporadic colon cancer. We searched for phenotypic features that might predispose heterozygous cells from HNPCC(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is a dominantly-inherited cancer predisposition syndrome, in which the susceptibility to cancer of the colon, endometrium and ovary is linked to germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. We have recently initiated a cancer prevention program in suspected HNPCC families in the Slovak Republic.(More)