Zdeněk Zadák

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The appetite suppressing effect of tobacco products, via the main pharmacological agent nicotine, is a major reason for its usage both by woman and man. Food intake (FI) could be changed by altering either meal size (MZ) or meal number (MN), which are regulated dependently in a reciprocal manner. The present study investigated the effect of systemic(More)
OBJECTIVES Old age is associated with an increase in frequency of disorders involving virtually all organ systems, resulting in a rise of mortality. The aim of the project was to study the relationship between biochemical markers and all-cause mortality in a defined age group. DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-eight nonagenarians, aged 92 +/- 2 (range 90-100)(More)
Metabolic abnormalities frequently associated with type 2 diabetes, feature besides endothelial dysfunction a novel factor of low cholesterol absorption and high cholesterol synthesis. We hypothesized an association between endothelial dysfunction and disturbances in cholesterol turnover, predisposing advanced atherosclerosis in patients with type 2(More)
In previous studies, mostly in patients with early stage colorectal carcinoma, neopterin, an indicator of systemic immune activation, has been associated with poor prognosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate urinary neopterin in patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal carcinoma treated with chemotherapy. A retrospective analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVES Malnutrition in old age is a significant problem. The study presents a survey of the basic methods used in the diagnosis of malnutrition in the elderly such as nutritional anamnesis, anthropometrical, laboratory a functional examinations and indicating specific differences as compared with a younger population. METHODS We conducted a search of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether and how tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) modulates butyrate effects. After the treatment of human colon adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells with sodium butyrate (NaBt), TNF-alpha or with their combinations we detected cell cycle (flow cytometry), cell proliferation (amidoblack and MTT assays), the amount of dead(More)
Lung cancer belongs to the type of tumors with a relatively high frequency of malnutrition, sarcopenia and cachexia, severe metabolic syndromes related to impairment of physical function and quality of life, resistance to therapy and short survival. Inexpensive and accessible methods of evaluating changes in body composition, physical function and nutrition(More)
Erniedrigte Cholesterin-Spiegel gelten als typisches Merkmal einer schweren Erkrankung und sind mit einer schlechten Prognose vergesellschaftet. Der Morbus Crohn ist eine entzündliche Erkrankung, die mit verschiedenen Störungen des Stoffwechsels einhergeht. In den vergangenen Dekaden haben verschiedene klinische Studien einen Zusammenhang zwischen dem(More)
The objective of this work was to review nutritional components of the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean diet is not a specific diet plan or diet program but a collection of eating habits that are traditionally followed by the people of the Mediterranean region. There are at least 16 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and food habits vary between(More)
The causes of hypocholesterolemia in the critically ill, including major trauma patients, have not yet been fully elucidated. We tested the hypothesis that hypocholesterolemia is caused by decreased production of cholesterol precursors. Serum concentrations of squalene, lanosterol, and lathosterol were measured on admission, and then at 24 and 48 hours(More)