Zdeněk Havlas

Learn More
Of the five small biradicaloid heterocycles whose S(1), S(2), T(1), and T(2) adiabatic excitation energies were examined by the CASPT2/ANO-L-VTZP method, two have been found to meet the state energy criterion for efficient singlet fission and are recommended to the attention of synthetic chemists and photophysicists.
An analysis of the crystal structure of [BmPBP...bombykol] complex identified nine amino acid residues involved in a variety of intermolecular interactions binding the ligand. Using simple model fragments as the representatives of the residues, the interaction energies of their complexes with bombykol were calculated using high-level ab initio methods. The(More)
Noncovalent interactions of the polyhedral carborane 1-carba-closo-dodecaborane (CB(11)H(12))(-) with building blocks of biomolecules, modelled by glycine (GLY), serine (SER), phenylalanine (PHE), glutamic acid (GLU), lysine (LYS) and arginine (ARG), were investigated in vacuo by molecular dynamics simulations with the UFF empirical potential. Selected(More)
Novel acyclic nucleoside phosphonates with a pyrimidine base preferentially containing an amino group at C-2 and C-4 and a 2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethoxy or (R)-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propoxy group at C-6 selectively inhibit the replication of wild-type and lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B viruses. The activity of the most potent compounds was comparable to that(More)
Density functional theory has been applied to the study of various pathways and transition states for the configurational inversion of 1,1'-binaphthyl (1) and 1,1'-binaphthalene-2,2'-diol (2). The preferred pathway is found to be anti with centrosymmetric transition state. Whereas the reaction path of 1 goes downhill from transition to ground state, in the(More)
The stereoselectivity of the reaction of furan (1) with maleic anhydride (2) and maleimide (3) was studied experimentally and theoretically. Although the two reactions are highly similar with regard to their preference for endo and exo steroisomers, notable differences were experimentally observed and explained on the basis of calculated reaction-free(More)
A comparison of spin-orbit coupling calculated [CASSCF(6,6)/(cc-pVDZ on C,H and VDZ+P on Br] for bromomethylcarbene and methylcarbene predicts a highly unusual inverse heavy-atom effect by the Br substituent, particularly at geometries near the syn conformation. This behavior is due to a vacant 4d orbital on the Br atom acting as a weak pi-electron acceptor(More)
Single crystal molecular structure and solution photophysical properties are reported for 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran (1), of interest as a model compound in studies of singlet fission. For the ground state of 1 and of its radical cation (1(+*)) and anion (1(-*)), we report the UV-visible absorption spectra, and for neutral 1, also the magnetic circular(More)
Allosteric enhancement of the affinity of muscarinic receptors for their ligands offers a new way to influence cholinergic neurotransmission. The structure of the allosteric binding domain(s) and the features of agonists, antagonists and modulators which determine the occurrence of either positive or negative cooperativity require clarification. We tested(More)
In pentane solution, 2 equiv of the icosahedral CB(11)Me(12)(*) radical cleaves the Si-Si bond of hexaalkyldisilanes by boron to silicon methyl transfer with formation of 2 equiv of methyltrialkylsilanes. The loss of a methyl radical converts the CB(11)Me(12)(*) radical into an internally charge-compensated "boronium ylide" CB(11)Me(11) with a naked vertex,(More)