Zdeněk Šumník

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BACKGROUND Patients with permanent neonatal diabetes usually present within the first three months of life and require insulin treatment. In most, the cause is unknown. Because ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels mediate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from the pancreatic beta cells, we hypothesized that activating mutations in the gene encoding(More)
Heterozygous coding mutations in the INS gene that encodes preproinsulin were recently shown to be an important cause of permanent neonatal diabetes. These dominantly acting mutations prevent normal folding of proinsulin, which leads to beta-cell death through endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis. We now report 10 different recessive INS mutations in(More)
OBJECTIVE Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) is frequently accompanied by thyroid autoimmunity (TAI). The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence of TAI and to determine the contribution of HLA-DQA1 and -DQB1 polymorphisms to TAI susceptibility among children with DM1. PATIENTS AND METLHODS: Screening for TAI was performed in 285 children with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate clinical and metabolic characteristics of diabetic children with screening detected celiac disease in a multicenter case-control study. METHODS CASES 98 diabetic patients were diagnosed as having silent celiac disease by screening with endomysial antibodies and subsequent biopsy. CONTROLS two controls in the same center were(More)
INTRODUCTION The PTPN22 is a negative regulator of the T cell response. Its +1858C>T (R620W) polymorphism has been shown to associate with a risk for multiple autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes (T1D) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The minor (susceptibility) allele is absent in Asian populations, but a recent study suggested an(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is caused by FOXP3 mutations. We aimed to determine the prevalence, genetics, and clinical phenotype of FOXP3 mutations in a large cohort with permanent neonatal diabetes (PNDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The 11 coding exons and the polyadenylation region of FOXP3(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and nature of mutations in HNF4alpha/MODY1, GCK/MODY2 and HNF-1alpha/MODY3 genes in Czech subjects with clinical diagnosis of MODY. METHODS We studied 61 unrelated index probands of Czech origin (28 males, 33 females) with a clinical diagnosis of MODY and 202 family members. The mean age(More)
Expression features of genetic landscape which predispose an individual to the type 1 diabetes are poorly understood. We addressed this question by comparing gene expression profile of freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from either patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), or their first-degree relatives or healthy controls. Our aim was(More)
We investigated the association of the CTLA4 +49 A/G dimorphism with type 1 diabetes in Czech children. Genotyping of 305 diabetic children and 289 controls by a novel PCR-ARMS assay revealed no significant differences in the genotypic or allelic frequencies. This may be another piece of evidence against the +49 A/G transition as the aetiological(More)
OBJECTIVE Bisphosphonates are effectively used in treatment for primary osteoporosis in children. In the present study, we quantitatively evaluated the effect of pamidronate treatment on lumbar vertebrae in children with primary osteoporosis using radiographic morphometry. METHODS Paired lateral radiographs of the lumbar spine were obtained before and(More)