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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) of the 3A family (CYP3A) has been detected in minipig liver microsomes by immunochemical screening (Western blotting), revealing bands that co-migrate with human CYP3A4 and 3A5. The nifedipine oxidase activity and testosterone 6beta-hydroxylating activity (specific markers for CYP3A enzymes) of the human liver microsomal and minipig(More)
The PHB production by Cupriavidus necator H16 depends on the type and concentration of stress factors and on the time of stress application. Hydrogen peroxide and ethanol significantly enhanced PHB accumulation in C. necator cells. Improved yields (10.9 g/L PHB) were observed after exposure of bacterial culture to 0.5 mmol/L H2O2 at the beginning of(More)
The disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nabumetone after a single oral dose administration of nabumetone tablets to humans and minipigs was investigated. Nabumetone is a prodrug, which is metabolized in the organism to the principal pharmacodynamically active metabolite -- 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6-MNA), and some other(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesised that different solutions for submucosal injection may influence early healing of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). The aim of this study was to evaluate histological and immunological changes after EMR in experimental pigs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two parallel EMRs on the anterior and posterior wall of the gastric body were(More)
Simultaneous HPLC determination of the analgetic agent tramadol, its major pharmacodynamically active metabolite (O-desmethyltramadol) in human plasma is described. Simple methods for the preparation of the standard of the above-mentioned tramadol metabolite and N1,N1-dimethylsulfanilamide (used as the internal standard) are also presented. The analytical(More)
To prove the suitability of minipigs as experimental animal in modeling of the drug metabolism and pharmacokine-tics in man, propafenone metabolism in vitro at the microsomal level as well as propafenone pharmacokinetics in the minipig was studied. The results were compared with those obtained for humans. It can be concluded that whereas the microsomal in(More)
Almost all orally administered drugs are absorbed across the intestinal mucosa. The Caco-2 monolayers are used as an in vitro model to predict drug absorption in humans and to explore mechanism of drug absorption. The Caco-2 cells are derived from a human colon adenocarcinoma and spontaneously differentiate to form confluent monolayer of polarized cells(More)
The aim of this project was to develop a methodology to introduce wireless video capsule endoscopy in preclinical research. Five mature female pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) were selected for the study. Capsule endoscopes (the EndoCapsule system; Olympus) were introduced into the duodenum endoscopically in each of the animals. The life span of batteries (i.e.,(More)
New bioanalytical SPE-HPLC-PDA-FL method for the determination of the neuroleptic drug tiapride and its N-desethyl metabolite was developed, validated and applied to xenobiochemical and pharmacokinetic studies in humans and animals. The sample preparation process involved solid-phase extraction of diluted plasma spiked with sulpiride (an internal standard)(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the major immunosuppressive drug used for organ and neural transplantation and the therapy of selected autoimmune diseases. We investigated the effect of CsA on the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, septum, and basal ganglia. AChE was determined spectrophotometrically with acetylthiocholine(More)