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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered to be important factors involved in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. ROS-induced alterations of proteins, carbohydrates, DNA, and lipid membranes lead to cell and organ dysfunction. Several antioxidant defense mechanisms exist to prevent or limit oxidant injury. Cellular Cu-Zn superoxide(More)
Clinical and experimental data suggest that Parathormon (PTH), calcium, and phosphorus participate in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and affect myocardial contractility in end-stage renal disease. Cellular calcium overload and interstitial fibrosis induced by PTH may lead to impairment of left ventricular diastolic function. Hyperphosphatemia is an(More)
Successful kidney transplantation (KT) improves significantly the quality of life as compared with hemodialysis. Vocational rehabilitation and professional activity are the vital part of general rehabilitation and play an important role in determining the quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of vocational rehabilitation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are predisposed to fungal infections because of long-term graft-preserving immunosuppressive therapy. METHODS We prospectively enrolled 223 consecutive adult RTRs. Patients were transplanted at 1 of 2 transplant centers in Poland. The group consisted of 97 women (43%) and 126 men (57%). The control group(More)
Arterial hypertension is one of the most important factors leading to chronic graft nephropathy and causing cardiovascular complications following renal transplantation. Effective control of the blood pressure seems to be vital for satisfactory long-term graft and patient survival. The objective of the study was to evaluate possible factors associated with(More)
In animals and humans, the highest level of selenium (Se) occurs in the kidney. This organ is also the major site of the synthesis of the selenoenzyme glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Decreased Se levels and GSH-Px activities in blood are common symptoms in the advanced stage of chronic renal failure (CRF). Blood samples for Se levels and GSH-Px activities(More)
Urological complications of allogenic kidney transplantation include vesicoureteral reflux which can result in graft threatening urinary tract infection. To prevent this complication several ureterovesical anastomosis techniques have been developed. Authors present a comparison of three different techniques: extravesical without antireflux mechanism,(More)
BACKGROUND An aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of DWI in the early period after kidney transplantation. We also aimed to compare ADC and eADC values in the cortex and medulla of the kidney, to estimate image noise and variability of measurements, and to verify possible relation between selected labolatory results and diffusion parameters in(More)
The purpose of this article is to present the most important rules of the interview process with the family of a patient who has been diagnosed with brain death. Based on data from the literature and their own clinical experience, the authors also describe the psychological mechanisms that make contact with the family of a potential donor particularly(More)