Zbigniew Stelmasiak

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BACKGROUND   Spasticity is a disabling complication of multiple sclerosis, affecting many patients with the condition. We report the first Phase 3 placebo-controlled study of an oral antispasticity agent to use an enriched study design. METHODS   A 19-week follow-up, multicentre, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study in(More)
This study investigated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of ferritin, S100B as biomarkers for glial activation and NfH(SM135)--a biomarker of axonal damage--in relation to nitric oxide (NO) metabolites: nitrate and nitrite (NOx) during acute multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse. Thirty-four relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) patients during acute relapse and 12(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship of CSF and the serum nitric oxide metabolites nitrite and nitrate (NOx) to disease activity and progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS The study was divided into cross-sectional and follow-up. In the cross-sectional study, 20 patients with relapsing-remitting (RR), 21 with secondary(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate (DMF; also known as gastro-resistant DMF) on MRI lesion activity and load, atrophy, and magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) measures from the Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (CONFIRM) study. METHODS CONFIRM was a 2-year, placebo-controlled(More)
Demyelination and oligodendroglial cell death accompanied by axonal injury are dominating features of multiple sclerosis (MS) a chronic demyelinating disease of the CNS. Accumulation of extracellular glutamate, observed during MS, is implicated in excitotoxic injury of nerve and oligodendroglial cells as a result of over-activation of glutamate receptors.(More)
Recent clinical studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) provide new data on the treatment of clinically isolated syndromes, on secondary progression, on direct comparison of immunomodulatory treatments and on dosing issues. All these studies have important implications for the optimized care of MS patients. The multiple sclerosis therapy consensus group (MSTCG)(More)
Chemokines are small cytokines with selective chemoattractant properties. They contribute to the T-cell-mediated pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). In order to ascertain whether different types and stage of disease correlate with a varying level of chemokines, the levels of CXCL8, CCL2 and CCL5 were measured in serum and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Both cytokines and chemokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of MS. The aim of the study was to assess whether cytokine levels are correlated with chemokine levels during a different stage of relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS). The study included 53 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Increased latency and reduced amplitude of visual evoked potentials (VEP), frequently encountered in ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma, suggest slowed neural conduction in the visual pathways. An improvement in VEP latency and amplitude has been reported following repeated intramuscular injections of citicoline, a neuroprotective drug.(More)
OBJECTIVES Quality of life (QoL) has presently a firmly established position as an important endpoint in medical care. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease with considerable effect on patients' QoL. QoL of MS patients from many European countries has already been assessed but little is known on health-related QoL of Polish subjects with(More)