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Analysis of respiratory muscles activity is an effective technique for the study of pulmonary diseases such as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Respiratory diseases, especially those associated with changes in the mechanical properties of the respiratory apparatus, are often associated with disruptions of the normally highly coordinated contractions(More)
The relationship between the activity of the buccal force pump, expressed as the time integral of positive buccal pressure, and PaO2 was investigated in conscious toads, Bufo marinus, unidirectionally ventilated at a high flow rate (240-260 ml/min). The high ventilatory flow rate meant that PaO2 was largely independent of the animal's ventilatory activity(More)
Although recent models offer realistic descriptions of the human respiratory system, they do not fulfill all characteristics of a stable, comprehensive model, which would allow us to evaluate a variety of hypotheses on the control of breathing. None of the models offer completely realistic descriptions of the gaseous components of blood, and their(More)
We employed a computational model of the respiratory control system to examine which of several factors, in isolation and in combination, can contribute to or explain the development of Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB). Our approach uses a graphical method for stability analysis similar, in concept, to the phase plane. The results from the computer simulations(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The present study addresses the need for a validated tool that prospectively identifies favorable candidates for oral appliance therapy in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ability of a mandibular titration study, performed with a remotely controlled mandibular positioner (RCMP), to predict(More)
Investigators have anecdotally reported changes in respiratory pattern preceding symptoms of orthostatic intolerance for several years. Evidence from recent studies support these observations, and show that alterations in respiration often precede pre-syncope during orthostasis. These observations suggest the possibility that changes in interaction between(More)
Little is known about the role of the renin-angiotensin system in anuran amphibians, although they appear to possess the functional components of such a system. We investigated the role of angiotensin (ANG) in arterial blood pressure regulation in the conscious toad Bufo marinus using the angiotensin-converting enzyme blocker captopril. We found that(More)
Quantifying the contribution of passive mechanical deformation in the human pharynx to upper airway collapse is fundamental to understanding the competing biomechanical processes that maintain airway patency. This study uses finite element analysis to examine deformation in the passive human pharynx using an intricate 3D anatomical model based on computed(More)