Zbigniew Śliwowski

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Treatment with small doses of topical capsaicin protects the gastric mucosa from the damage by strong irritants but functional ablation of sensory nerves by pretreatment with larger dose of parenteral capsaicin augments the formation of gastric lesions via unknown mechanism. This study was designed to determine the role of gastric acid secretion, mucosal(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 are essential for the maintenance of mucosal integrity but COX-2 isoform synthesizes PG at a site of inflammation. Recently, COX-2 mRNA expression was demonstrated at the ulcer edge during healing of chronic gastric ulcers but the role for expression of COX-2 and its products such as PGE(2) and cytokines including(More)
Melatonin (MT), an indole formed enzymatically from L-trytophan (Trp), was first discovered in the bovine pineal gland in 1958 by Lerner et al. Melatonin is the most versatile and ubiquitous hormonal molecule produced not only in the pineal gland but also in various other tissues of invertebrates and vertebrates, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract(More)
Gastric microcirculation plays an important role in the maintenance of the mucosal gastric integrity and the mechanism of injury as well as providing protection to the gastric mucosa. Disturbances in the blood perfusion, through the microcapillaries within the gastric mucosa may result in the formation of mucosal damage. Acute gastric mucosal lesions(More)
Various organs, including heart, kidneys, liver or brain, respond to brief exposures to ischemia with an increased resistance to severe ischemia/reperfusion and this phenomenon is called "preconditioning". No study so far has been undertaken to check whether such short, repeated gastric ischemic episodes protect gastric mucosa against severe damage caused(More)
Limitation of the stomach damage by its earlier brief ischemia and reperfusion before prolonged ischemia is defined as gastric ischemic preconditioning but whether such brief ischemia of remote organs like heart or liver can also attenuate the gastric damage caused by longer and severe ischemia-reperfusion remains unknown. The cardiac, hepatic and gastric(More)
Limitation of the damage to the organs such as heart, liver, intestine, stomach and brain by an earlier brief complete occlusion of their arteries is defined as ischemic preconditioning (IP). No study so for has been undertaken to check whether brain-gut axis is involved in the gastroprotection exhibited by gastric IP or in that induced by repeated brief(More)
The gastric mucosa plays an important role in the physiological function of the stomach. This mucosa acts as gastric barrier, which protects deeper located cells against the detrimental action of the gastric secretory components, such as acid and pepsin. Integrity of the gastric mucosa depends upon a variety of factors, such as maintenance of(More)
In this study, ischemia-reperfusion produced in rats by clamping the celiac artery for 0.5 h followed by 1 h of reperfusion was used to develop a new model of superficial gastric erosions progressing to deeper ulcers. Ischemia alone resulted in an immediate fall in gastric blood flow but no gross mucosal lesions were observed. When ischemia was followed by(More)
We reviewed and analyzed the relationship between physical exercise and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which covers a group of chronic, relapsing, and remitting intestinal disorders including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis. The etiology of IBD likely involves a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental risk factors. Physical(More)