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IMPORTANCE There is an unmet need for interferon- and ribavirin-free treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) and adverse events in previously untreated patients with HCV genotype 1 and HIV co-infection(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide, although predominantly in low-income countries in the Middle East and Africa, up to 13% of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are caused by HCV genotype 4. For patients with HCV genotype 1, the combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir has been shown to cure high proportions of patients with excellent tolerability, but this regimen has(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) modulates intrahepatic cholesterol biosynthetic pathways to promote viral replication. Chronic HCV infection is associated with altered metabolism, including dyslipidemia and insulin resistance (IR), which contributes to disease progression and influences response to therapy. To further understand the impact of HCV(More)
L. Keller,1,* J. S. White,1 M. Frontzek,1 P. Babkevich,2 M. A. Susner,3 Z. C. Sims,3 A. S. Sefat,3 H. M. Rønnow,2,4 and Ch. Rüegg1,5 1Laboratory for Neutron Scattering and Imaging, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland 2Laboratory for Quantum Magnetism, École Polytéchnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland 3Materials(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) for 6 weeks achieves sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 95% in some patients. If effective, shorter therapeutic courses could improve adherence and treatment costs. OBJECTIVE To determine factors predictive of SVR to 4 weeks of DAA treatment in(More)
OBJECTIVES Ribavirin concentrations may impact hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment outcome. We modelled ribavirin serum and intracellular ribavirin monophosphate (RBV-MP) and ribavirin triphosphate (RBV-TP) pharmacokinetics in red blood cells (RBC) using samples collected during the NIAID SPARE trial to explore associations with treatment outcome and the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA loads serve as predictors of treatment response during interferon-based therapy. We evaluated the predictive ability of HCV RNA levels at end of treatment (EOT) for sustained virologic response (SVR12) during interferon-sparing direct-acting antiviral therapies. METHODS HCV genotype 1-infected, treatment-naive(More)
Treatment for hepatitis C has evolved from interferon-based therapy to all oral, directly acting antiviral (DAA) therapy. The influence of immunosuppression on maintaining sustained virologic response (SVR) in patients who have been treated with these directly acting agents is unknown. In this study, we report sustained hepatitis C virus (HCV) suppression(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with combination directly acting antivirals (DAA) for 8-24 weeks is associated with high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR). We previously demonstrated that adding a third DAA to ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) can result in high SVR rates in patients without cirrhosis. In(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal retreatment strategy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients who fail directly-acting antiviral agent (DAA)-based treatment is unknown. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of ledipasvir (LDV) and sofosbuvir (SOF) for 12 weeks in HCV genotype-1 (GT-1) patients who failed LDV/SOF-containing therapy. METHODS In this(More)