Zarafshan Rahmani

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To determine which regions of chromosome 21 are involved in the pathogenesis of specific features of Down syndrome, we analysed, phenotypically and molecularly, 10 patients with partial trisomy 21. Six minimal regions for 24 features were defined by genotype-phenotype correlations. Nineteen of these features could be assigned to just 2 regions: short(More)
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS), a degenerative disorder of motor neurons, is associated with mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene SOD1 in some affected families. We confirm a recently reported ala4-->val mutation in exon 1 of the SOD1 gene and report that this mutation is both the most commonly detected of all SOD1 mutations and(More)
Chromosome 21, the smallest human chromosome, has been the subject of intense study because it is the chromosome which, when present in an extra copy, leads to Down Syndrome. Moreover, there are genes important for several human genetic disorders on this chromosome, and a significant number of individuals with aneuploidies of regions of the chromosome have(More)
The duplication of a specific region of chromosome 21 could be responsible for the main features of Down syndrome. To define and localize this region, we analyzed at the molecular level the DNA of two patients with partial duplication of chromosome 21. These patients belong to two groups of Down syndrome patients characterized by different partial trisomies(More)
Mnb is a human homologue of the Drosophila minibrain gene which encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase that is required in distinct neuroblast proliferation centers during postembryonic neurogenesis. The high degree of homology of the human gene to the murine gene (dyrk) allowed us to use a human polyclonal anti-mnb antibody to study the expression(More)
Phenotypic and molecular analysis of individuals with partial trisomy 21 can be used to determine which regions of chromosome 21 are involved in the pathogenesis of specific features of Down's Syndrome. Using dosage analysis of 27 sequences we defined, at the molecular level, the extent of the chromosome 21 duplication in ten individuals with partial(More)
We have analysed the DNA of 2 patients with many manifestations of Down syndrome and partial duplication of distinct regions of chromosome 21, respectively, q11.205----q22.300 and q22.300----qter (Rahmani et al.: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 86:5958-5962, 1989). Assessment of the copy number of five(More)
As an alternative to the methods of gene dosage based on either RFLP studies or Southern blots using specific and reference probes, we designed a "slot blot" method for the evaluation of the copy number of unique chromosome 21 sequences. Varying amounts of denatured DNA from a normal control, a trisomy 21 patient, and the subject to be analyzed were loaded(More)
Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) is the most common chromosomal abnormality associated with mental retardation in humans. Sim2, a human homologue of Drosophila sim gene, which acts as a master regulator of the early development of the fly central nervous system midline, is located on chromosome 21, in the Down syndrome critical region, and might therefore be(More)