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Impurities segregated to grain boundaries of a material essentially alter its fracture behavior. A prime example is sulfur segregation-induced embrittlement of nickel, where an observed relation between sulfur-induced amorphization of grain boundaries and embrittlement remains unexplained. Here, 48x10(6)-atom reactive-force-field molecular dynamics(More)
Generation of stacking faults (SFs) during the growth of nanowires (NWs) is a major concern for the efficiency of NW-based devices such as solar cells. Here, molecular-dynamics simulation of a [111]-oriented gallium arsenide NW reveals an atomistic mechanism of SF generation. Spatial distribution of the adatom energy on the (111)B top surface exhibits a(More)
Nanowires (NWs) exhibit thermo-mechanical properties that are distinct from their bulk properties, and their understanding is critical for the reliability, manufacturability, and optimization of a wide range of devices consisting of NWs. Here, molecular-dynamics simulation reveals a rich size-temperature " phase diagram " for the mechanical response of a(More)
Based on molecular-dynamics simulations validated with quantum-mechanical calculations, we predict that (111) twin planes in a [111]-oriented GaAs nanowire attain attractive interactions mediated by surface strain. This gives rise to a self-replication mechanism that continuously generates a twin superlattice in a nanowire during growth. We demonstrate(More)
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