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We report a new family of multiple responsive fluids based on the single-tailed pyrrolidone surfactants, N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone N-alkyl amine (C(m)NP, where m = 10, 12, 14, 16, and 18). These surfactants are highly sensitive to solution pH as a result of the presence of the N-amino group in the molecules. Equilibrium surface tension results indicate that(More)
A new series of pH-responsive Gemini surfactants with 2-pyrrolidone head groups, N,N'-dialkyl-N,N'-di(ethyl-2-pyrrolidone)ethylenediamine (Di-C(n)P, where n = 6, 8 10, 12), were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, ESI-MS, and elemental analysis. The surface activity and micellization behavior at acidic, neutral, and basic conditions were(More)
A series of novel pH sensitive Gemini amphiphiles of N,N'-dialkyl-N,N'-di(ethyl-phthalimide) ethylenediamines (Di-CnPh, n=6, 8, 10, 12) was synthesized and characterized. It was found that relatively stable spread monolayers of Di-CnPh can be formed at the air/water interface once n≥6, and their stability was improved by increasing the hydrophobic chain(More)
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