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Somaclonal variation arises in plants and animals when differentiated somatic cells are induced into a pluripotent state, but the resulting clones differ from each other and from their parents. In agriculture, somaclonal variation has hindered the micropropagation of elite hybrids and genetically modified crops, but the mechanism responsible remains(More)
This study correlates the potential for somatic embryogenesis in cultured leaf explants of oil palm trees with changes in the expression of hormone-responsive genes. The results show that expression of the putative Aux/IAA gene EgIAA9 is specifically correlated to somatic embryogenesis. A regression model for embryogenesis indicated a predictive R2 value of(More)
Clonal reproduction of oil palm by means of tissue culture is a very inefficient process. Tissue culturability is known to be genotype dependent with some genotypes being more amenable to tissue culture than others. In this study, genetic linkage maps enriched with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed for dura (ENL48) and pisifera (ML161),(More)
Biodegradable plastics, mainly polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), which are traditionally produced by bacterial cells, have been produced in the cells of more than 15 plant species. Since the production of biodegradable plastics and the synthesis of oil in plants share the same substrate, acetyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), producing PHB in oil bearing crops, such as(More)
The mantled abnormality phenotype of the oil palm affects fruit development and thus jeopardizes oil yield. Cytokinins have been implicated in the development of the mantled phenotype. Endogenous cytokinin levels in the normal and mantled phenotypes were compared to determine whether levels of specific cytokinins are associated with mantling. Endogenous(More)
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