Zai-xing Yang

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Due to the unique physical properties, small bandgap III-V semiconductor nanowires such as InAs and InSb have been extensively studied for the next-generation high-speed and high-frequency electronics. However, further CMOS applications are still limited by the lack of efficient p-doping in these nanowire materials for high-performance p-channel devices.(More)
Although various device structures based on GaSb nanowires have been realized, further performance enhancement suffers from uncontrolled radial growth during the nanowire synthesis, resulting in non-uniform and tapered nanowires with diameters larger than few tens of nanometres. Here we report the use of sulfur surfactant in chemical vapour deposition to(More)
In recent years, high-mobility GaSb nanowires have received tremendous attention for high-performance p-type transistors; however, due to the difficulty in achieving thin and uniform nanowires (NWs), there is limited report until now addressing their diameter-dependent properties and their hole mobility limit in this important one-dimensional material(More)
Reliable control in the crystal quality of synthesized III-V nanowires (NWs) is particularly important to manipulate their corresponding electronic transport properties for technological applications. In this report, a "two-step" growth process is adopted to achieve single-crystalline GaAs NWs, where an initial high-temperature nucleation process is(More)
In recent years, because of the narrow direct bandgap and outstanding carrier mobility, GaSb nanowires (NWs) have been extensively explored for various electronics and optoelectronics. Importantly, these p-channel nanowires can be potentially integrated with n-type InSb, InAs, or InGaAs NW devices via different NW transfer techniques to facilitate the III-V(More)
In recent years, despite significant progress in the synthesis, characterization, and integration of various nanowire (NW) material systems, crystal orientation controlled NW growth as well as real-time assessment of their growth-structure-property relationships still presents one of the major challenges in deploying NWs for practical large-scale(More)
In recent years, InAs nanowires have been demonstrated with the excellent electron mobility as well as highly efficient near-infrared and visible photoresponse at room temperature. However, due to the presence of a large amount of surface states that originate from the unstable native oxide, the fabricated nanowire transistors are always operated in the(More)
Although wrap-gated nanowire field-effect-transistors (NWFETs) have been explored as an ideal electronic device geometry for low-power and high-frequency applications, further performance enhancement and practical implementation are still suffering from electron scattering on nanowire surface/interface traps between the nanowire channel and gate dielectric(More)
Among many available photovoltaic technologies at present, gallium arsenide (GaAs) is one of the recognized leaders for performance and reliability; however, it is still a great challenge to achieve cost-effective GaAs solar cells for smart systems such as transparent and flexible photovoltaics. In this study, highly crystalline long GaAs nanowires (NWs)(More)
Novel core–shell nanostructures comprised of cubic sphalerite and hexagonal wurtzite ZnS have been synthesized at 150 C by a simple hydrothermal method. The results of HR-TEM and SAED investigation reveal that the cores of hexagonal wurtzite ZnS (ca. 200 nm in average diameter) are encapsulated by a shell of cubic sphalerite ZnS. The FE-SEM image of the(More)