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Neurocognitive Mechanism of Human Resilience: A Conceptual Framework and Empirical Review
The idea that cognitive flexibility moderates how well people adapt to adverse experiences, by shifting attention resources between cognition–emotion regulation and pain perception, is put forward.
Team sport expertise shows superior stimulus-driven visual attention and motor inhibition
Cognitive plasticity may drive by sports training in team/individual sports expertise, manifesting cognitive profile in sport expertise with distinct training modalities, as suggested in this study.
Multimodal neuroimaging analysis reveals age‐associated common and discrete cognitive control constructs
The results show that the cross‐sectional age difference is associated with a wide spread of brain degeneration that is not limited to the frontal region and suggest there are some common and distinct joined multimodal components that correlate with the psychological constructs of common and discrete cognitive control functions, respectively.
Between-module functional connectivity of the salient ventral attention network and dorsal attention network is associated with motor inhibition
The results showed that between-network connectivity of the salient ventral attention network and dorsal attention network explained the highest and second highest variance of individual differences in motor inhibition.
Frontoparietal structural properties mediate adult life span differences in executive function
The results indicated that age-related common EF component differences are mediated by regional gray matter volume changes in both hemispheres of the frontal lobe, which suggests that structural changes in the frontal lobes may have an indirect influence on age- related general elements of EF.
The brains of elite soccer players are subject to experience-dependent alterations in white matter connectivity
Diffusion Tensor Imaging Revealing the Relation of Age-Related Differences in the Corpus Callosum With Cognitive Style
- S. Hsieh, Zai-Fu Yao, Meng-Heng Yang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Chun-Hao Wang
- PsychologyFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
- 17 July 2020
The results revealed that older adults tend to have a more holistic processing style than younger adults and found that the white matter microstructure in the genu of the corpus callosum can be used to distinguish between AHS subgroups.
Brain Structural-Behavioral Correlates Underlying Grooved Pegboard Test Performance Across Lifespan
Age differences in GPT performance were positively associated with visuomotor tracking performance and negatively associated with widespread brain structural measures, including white matter tracts and gray matter regions in frontal and cingulate regions, parietal, and temporal lobes.
Age Differences of the Hierarchical Cognitive Control and the Frontal Rostro–Caudal Functional Brain Activation
Overall, older adults reflect maladaptive overactivation in task-irrelevant regions that are detrimental to performance with the highest control demands, suggesting working memory capacity is important for processing the highest task demands.
Training-Associated Superior Visuomotor Integration Performance in Elite Badminton Players after Adjusting for Cardiovascular Fitness
- Yi-Liang Chen, Jen-Hao Hsu, Dana Hsia-Ling Tai, Zai-Fu Yao
- Psychology, BiologyInternational journal of environmental research…
- 1 January 2022
Behavioral findings suggest badminton training may facilitate the perceptual–cognitive performance related to visuomotor integration, and highlight the potential training in visuumotor integration may apply to eye–hand coordination performance inbadminton sport.