Zahira Ghalem

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In radiofrequency glow discharge emission spectrometry (RF-GDOES), the excitation voltage used to create the plasma is applied to the back or front end of the sample to be analyzed. In this paper we focus on back-applied voltage systems (a configuration that represents about half of the instruments available on the market), and on applied voltage problems(More)
The Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) was first formulated in 1930 and is one of the most studied problems in optimization. If the optimal solution to the TSP can be found in polynomial time, it would then follow that every NP-hard problem could be solved in polynomial time, proving P=NP. It will be shown that our algorithm finds P~NP with scale. Using a(More)
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