Zahid Parvez

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Academics and researchers face a challenge of making sense of the role e-democracy plays in the democratic process and with what implications. This requires a deeper understanding of the objectives and assumptions that underpin e-democracy innovations, as well as institutional and technology structures that condition their role in democratic engagement.(More)
Although efforts for developing e-democracy have been underway for over a decade, recent literature indicates that its uptake by citizens and Elected Members (EMs) is still very low. This paper explores the underlying reasons for why this is so from the perspective of local EMs in the context of UK local authorities. It draws on findings reported in earlier(More)
OBJECTIVE To modify the technique of basilic vein transposition for vascular accesss for haemodialysis aiming at better maturation rate, longer survival of fistula and lesser complications. STUDY DESIGN Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Shaikh Zayed Hospital and Omer Hospital, Lahore, from February 2008 to July 2011. METHODOLOGY Patients(More)
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