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  • Influence
Social environment and depression among pregnant women in urban areas of Pakistan: importance of social relations.
Aspects of the social environment, including social conditions (socio-economic status, household situations, chronic illnesses) and social relations (attitude and behaviors of relations) are majorExpand
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Chewing of betel, areca and tobacco: perceptions and knowledge regarding their role in head and neck cancers in an urban squatter settlement in Pakistan.
The link of betel, areca and chewable tobacco with head and neck cancers is clearly established. Fifty eight percent of the global head and neck cancers occur in South and Southeast Asia, whereExpand
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Health and social impacts of improved stoves on rural women: a pilot intervention in Sindh, Pakistan.
UNLABELLED To assess the acceptability, social and health impacts of improved stoves among women. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2002 among households using improved stovesExpand
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Comparison of job satisfaction and stress among male and female doctors in teaching hospitals of Karachi.
BACKGROUND Job dissatisfaction and stress among doctors affect the quality of health care. We assessed the levels of satisfaction for workplace characteristics and job stress among doctors of threeExpand
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Development of a stress scale for pregnant women in the South Asian context: the A-Z Stress Scale.
Stress in pregnancy can lead to low-birth-weight and preterm babies and to psychological consequences such as anxiety and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium. Previous scales to measureExpand
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Knowledge of primary paediatric care providers regarding attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disorder: a study from Pakistan.
INTRODUCTION Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disorder (LD) remain prevalent globally and are also speculated to have a high occurrence in Pakistan. An early diagnosis andExpand
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Correlation of arsenic exposure through drinking groundwater and urinary arsenic excretion among adults in Pakistan.
Long-term exposure to arsenic has been associated with manifestation of skin lesions (melanosis/keratosis) and increased risk of internal cancers (lung/bladder). The objective of the study describedExpand
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Problem-Based Versus Conventional Curricula: Influence on Knowledge and Attitudes of Medical Students Towards Health Research
Background Medical education curricula in developing countries should emphasize training in health research. This study compares the knowledge and attitudes towards health research betweenExpand
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Lung function decrement with arsenic exposure to drinking groundwater along River Indus: a comparative cross-sectional study
This study was designed to determine the association between chronic arsenic exposure through drinking groundwater and decrement in lung function, particularly among individuals who do not have signsExpand
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Implementing a public-private mix model for tuberculosis treatment in urban Pakistan: lessons and experiences.
SETTING Six towns of Karachi, Pakistan. OBJECTIVES 1) To strengthen the capacity of general practitioners (GPs) in providing tuberculosis (TB) treatment through DOTS; and 2) to enhanceExpand
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