Zachary Rubin

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Three cases of young women who developed severe vertebral osteoporosis after pregnancy and during lactation are described. These patients shared several features: a low-calcium diet during most of their lives, very-low body weight in two patients, and a positive family history of osteoporosis in two patients. Initial studies disclosed vertebral fractures,(More)
The epidemiology of fractures of the proximal femur was studied over a 1-year period in the city of La Plata, Argentina (population 288000, latitude 35° S). One hundred and ninety-five patients (164 women and 31 men) aged 50 years or over suffered a fracture of the proximal femur. The median age was 80 years in women and 77 years in men. The incidence of(More)
BACKGROUND Whether contact precautions (CP) are required to control the endemic transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) in acute care hospitals is controversial in light of improvements in hand hygiene, MRSA decolonization, environmental cleaning and disinfection, fomite elimination, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The duodenoscopes used to perform ERCP have been implicated in several outbreaks of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infection. The risk factors for CRE transmission via contaminated duodenoscopes remain unclear. METHODS In this retrospective, single-center, case-control study, all patients who underwent ERCP with either 1(More)
Many clinical laboratories in the United States are transitioning from toxin enzyme immunoassays (EIA) to nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) as the primary diagnostic test for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). While it is known that the analytical sensitivity of the toxin EIA is poor, there are limited clinical data on the performance of these(More)
Fungal infections continue to plague patients undergoing treatment of malignancies. In fact, the incidence as well as the types of fungal species causing serious invasive fungal infections is increasing. Candida infections have become the fourth leading cause of nosocomial blood stream infections. Moreover, in addition to Aspergillus, non-Aspergillus(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of discontinuation of contact precautions (CP) for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) and expansion of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) use on the health system. DESIGN Retrospective, nonrandomized, observational, quasi-experimental study. SETTING Two California(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Recent outbreaks of carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae related to duodenoscopes in the United States and Europe have gained international attention and resulted in new regulations, especially in the United States, affecting healthcare facilities. In this review, we summarize findings from recent duodenoscope-related outbreaks,(More)