Zachary F Caffall

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BACKGROUND Synapse-associated protein 90/postsynaptic density protein 95-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3) is an excitatory postsynaptic protein implicated in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive behaviors. In mice, genetic deletion of Sapap3 causes obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)-like behaviors that are rescued by striatal expression of Sapap3,(More)
The obese cat is a model for the study of the progression toward type 2 diabetes. In this study, the impact of obesity on the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis was examined in 21 domestic shorthair cats before and after the development of obesity, which significantly increased body mass index (BMI), % body fat (BF), and girth (P<0.0001 for all). Serum(More)
The effect of a 2-week administration of 75microg triiodothyronine (T3) on substrate oxidation, heat production, non-esterified fatty acids, and leptin was evaluated in eight lean (three females and five males) and eight obese (five females and three males) age-matched adult neutered cats. In addition, using real-time RT-PCR, expression of muscle and(More)
The prevalence of feline diabetes mellitus has increased several-fold over the last three decades. In humans, progression from obesity to diabetes is marked by changes in the release of proinsulin. A specific proinsulin (FPI) assay has not been available to examine similar changes in cats. The goal of this study was to develop a proinsulin assay for the(More)
Dystonia is a brain disorder causing involuntary, often painful movements. Apart from a role for dopamine deficiency in some forms, the cellular mechanisms underlying most dystonias are currently unknown. Here, we discover a role for deficient eIF2α signaling in DYT1 dystonia, a rare inherited generalized form, through a genome-wide RNAi screen. Subsequent(More)
Rare de novo mutations in genes associated with inherited Mendelian disorders are potential contributors to sporadic disease. DYT1 dystonia is an autosomal dominant, early-onset, generalized dystonia associated with an in-frame, trinucleotide deletion (n. delGAG, p. ΔE 302/303) in the Tor1a gene. Here we examine the significance of a rare missense variant(More)
Feline proinsulin was cloned and expressed using a bacterial expression system. It was then purified from inclusion bodies using size exclusion chromatography and further processed including reduction of the protein. Following refolding, proinsulin was purified by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). RP-HPLC and mass(More)
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