Zachary David Parsons

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Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play an important role in the regulation of mammalian signal transduction. During some cell signaling processes, the generation of endogenous hydrogen peroxide inactivates selected PTPs via oxidation of the enzyme's catalytic cysteine thiolate group. Importantly, low-molecular weight and protein thiols in the cell have(More)
Hydrogen peroxide is a cell signaling agent that inactivates protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) via oxidation of their catalytic cysteine residue. PTPs are inactivated rapidly during H(2)O(2)-mediated cellular signal transduction processes, but, paradoxically, hydrogen peroxide is a rather sluggish PTP inactivator in vitro. Here we present evidence that(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are important targets of the H(2)O(2) that is produced during mammalian signal transduction. H(2)O(2)-mediated inactivation of PTPs also may be important in various pathophysiological conditions involving oxidative stress. Here we review the chemical and structural biology of redox-regulated PTPs. Reactions of H(2)O(2)(More)
Threats to genomic integrity arising from DNA damage are mitigated by DNA glycosylases, which initiate the base excision repair pathway by locating and excising aberrant nucleobases. How these enzymes find small modifications within the genome is a current area of intensive research. A hallmark of these and other DNA repair enzymes is their use of base(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a validated therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes; however, the enzyme has been classified by some as an "undruggable target". Here we describe studies directed toward the development of agents that covalently capture the sulfenyl amide "oxoform" of PTP1B generated during insulin signaling events.(More)
Habitat used for predator escape may be a factor limiting restoration of desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana) in small mountain ranges in New Mexico. Female bighorn sheep seek isolation in discrete areas for parturition. Although parturition sites are used only for <3 days they play an important role in neonate survival. We compared habitat(More)
DNA glycosylases protect genomic integrity by locating and excising aberrant nucleobases. Substrate recognition and excision usually take place in an extrahelical conformation, which is often stabilized by π-stacking interactions between the lesion nucleobase and aromatic side chains in the glycosylase active site. Bacillus cereus AlkD is the only DNA(More)
Redox regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) involves oxidative conversion of the active site cysteine thiolate into an electrophilic sulfenyl amide residue. Reduction of the sulfenyl amide by biological thiols regenerates the native cysteine residue. Here we explored fundamental chemical reactions that may enable covalent capture of the(More)
Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) herds have suffered recent declines across their previous range, and desert bighorn sheep (O. c. mexicana) are listed as an endangered species in New Mexico. One factor affecting growth rates of these populations is low and variable lamb recruitment. Capturing and radio-collaring lambs can provide opportunities for collecting(More)