Zachary A. Levine

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Electropermeabilization, an electric field-induced modification of the barrier functions of the cell membrane, is widely used in laboratories and increasingly in the clinic; but the mechanisms and physical structures associated with the electromanipulation of membrane permeability have not been definitively characterized. Indirect experimental observations(More)
Reversible electropermeabilization (electroporation) is widely used to facilitate the introduction of genetic material and pharmaceutical agents into living cells. Although considerable knowledge has been gained from the study of real and simulated model membranes in electric fields, efforts to optimize electroporation protocols are limited by a lack of(More)
Electroporation is the formation of permeabilizing structures in the cell membrane under the influence of an externally imposed electric field. The resulting increased permeability of the membrane enables a wide range of biological applications, including the delivery of normally excluded substances into cells. While electroporation is used extensively in(More)
Pulsed electric fields are used to permeabilize cell membranes in biotechnology and the clinic. Although molecular and continuum models provide compelling representations of the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, a clear structural link between the biomolecular transformations displayed in molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and the micro- and(More)
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of electrophoretic transport of monovalent ions through field-stabilized electropores in POPC lipid bilayers permit systematic characterization of the conductive properties of lipid nanopores. The radius of the electropore can be controlled by the magnitude of the applied sustaining external electric field, which also(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of electroporation of homogeneous phospholipid bilayers show that the pore creation time is strongly dependent on the magnitude of the applied electric field. Here, we investigated whether heterogeneous bilayers containing phospholipids with zwitterionic and anionic headgroups exhibit a similar dependence. To facilitate this(More)
Therapeutic modalities that alter hemodynamic parameters may have a dramatic impact on the viability of living tissues. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the response of blood flow velocity to various treatment parameters of therapeutic ultrasound. Twenty healthy volunteers attended six randomly selected, 15-minute treatment sessions of(More)
Non-thermal probing and stimulation with subnanosecond electric pulses and terahertz electromagnetic radiation may lead to new, minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and to methods for remote monitoring and analysis of biological systems, including plants, animals, and humans. To effectively engineer these still-emerging tools, we need an(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and protein regions can facilitate a wide variety of complex physiological processes such as binding, signaling, and formation of membraneless organelles. They can however also play pathological roles by aggregating into cytotoxic oligomers and fibrils. Characterizing the structure and function of disordered proteins(More)