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Although postmortem morphological changes in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) have been reported in human amblyopia, LGN function during monocular viewing by amblyopic eyes has not been documented in humans. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study monocular visual activation of the LGN in a patient with anisometropic amblyopia.(More)
PURPOSE Malignant ureteral obstruction often necessitates chronic urinary diversion and is associated with high rates of failure with traditional ureteral stents. We evaluated the outcomes of a metallic stent placed for malignant ureteral obstruction and determined the impact of risk factors previously associated with increased failure rates of traditional(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the use of emergent JJ ureteric stent placement and percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) for patients with obstructive urolithiasis with sepsis, and to determine whether outcomes differ between the two treatment methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 130 patients with obstructive urolithiasis and systemic inflammatory response(More)
PURPOSE A novel ball tip (BT) holmium laser fiber has recently been developed, which features a modified rounded tip. The modification is purported to aid in insertion and minimize damage to the ureteroscope working channel. We evaluated this laser fiber with regard to stone comminution, tip degradation, insertional force into the ureteroscope, and impact(More)
PURPOSE Patients with recurrent nephrolithiasis are often evaluated and followed with computerized tomography. Obesity is a risk factor for nephrolithiasis. We evaluated the radiation dose of computerized tomography in obese and nonobese adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS We scanned a validated, anthropomorphic male phantom according to our institutional renal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Flexible working angles and fine optical visualization are major requisite factors in performing laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) urologic procedures. Multiple mechanical design approaches have been used to develop deflectable laparoscopes for LESS procedures. We compared the optical characteristics of three such devices using a(More)
Microarray is a technique that provides a global analysis of gene expression at the level of transcription. Genetic and epigenetic changes underlie neoplastic transformation, cardiovascular disease, some psychiatric illnesses, and a growing list of disease pathogeneses and therapeutic responses. The profile of genes expressed by different cells (gene up-(More)
We studied functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of visual cortex during checkerboard visual stimulation with three standard check sizes to examine whether activation in the visual cortex varied among these sizes. We acquired fMRI at 1.5 T in 8 normal subjects, each receiving the best refractive correction. Each subject underwent an experiment(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), an agonist that activates specific G protein-coupled receptors, is present at an elevated concentration in the serum and ascitic fluid of ovarian cancer patients. Although the increased levels of LPA have been linked to the genesis and progression of different cancers including ovarian carcinomas, the specific signaling conduit(More)