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Genetic screens in zebrafish identified several loci that play essential roles in the patterning of retinal architecture. Here, we show that one of them, glass onion, encodes the N-cadherin gene. The glo(m117) mutant allele contains a substitution of the Trp2 residue known for its essential role in the adhesive properties of classic cadherins. Both the(More)
Mutation of the glass onion locus causes drastic neuronal patterning defects in the zebrafish retina and brain. The precise stratified appearance of the wild-type retina is absent in the mutants. The glass onion phenotype is first visible shortly after the formation of optic primordia and is characterized by the rounding of cells and disruption of the(More)
Wiring up the nervous system depends on the precise guidance of axonal growth cones to their targets. A key mechanism underlying this guidance is chemotaxis, whereby growth cones detect and follow molecular gradients. Although recent work has uncovered many of the molecules involved in this process, the mechanisms underlying chemotactic axon guidance are(More)
The zebrafish has been established as a mainstream research system, largely due to the immense success of genetic screens. Over 2000 mutant alleles affecting zebrafish's early development have been isolated in two large-scale morphological screens and several smaller efforts. So far, over 50 mutant strains display retinal defects and many more have been(More)
The "pipette" or "growth cone turning" assay is widely used for studying how axons respond to diffusible guidance cues in their environment. However, little quantitative analysis has been presented of the gradient shapes produced by this assay, or how they depend on parameters of the assay. Here we used confocal microscopy of fluorescent gradients to(More)
To gain an understanding of molecular events that underlie pattern formation in the retina, we evaluated the expression profiles of over 8000 transcripts randomly selected from an embryonic zebrafish library. Detailed analysis of cDNAs that display restricted expression patterns revealed factors that are specifically expressed in single cell classes and are(More)
OBJECTIVES Mast cell mediators are likely to be involved in at least some aspects of the immunopathogenesis of oral lichen planus (OLP). The aim of this project was to map mast cell populations in OLP and identify possible sites of mast cell-nerve interactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Monoclonal antibodies specific for tryptase and neurofilaments were used(More)
BACKGROUND Demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBAs) have been proposed as a useful adjunct in periodontal therapy to induce periodontal regeneration through the induction of new bone formation. The presence of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) within the demineralized matrix has been proposed as a possible mechanism through which DFDBA may exert(More)
Guidance of axons by molecular gradients is crucial for wiring up the developing nervous system. It often is assumed that the unique signature of such guidance is immediate and biased turning of the axon tip toward or away from the gradient. However, here we show that such turning is not required for guidance. Rather, by a combination of experimental and(More)
Systemic injection of kainic acid (KA) results in characteristic behaviors and programmed cell death in some regions of the rat brain. We used KA followed by recovery at 4 degrees C to restrict damage to limbic structures and compared patterns of immediate early gene (IEG) expression and associated DNA binding activity in these damaged areas with that in(More)