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Bladder cancer: epidemiology, staging and grading, and diagnosis.
Bladder cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a variable natural history. At one end of the spectrum, low-grade Ta tumors have a low progression rate and require initial endoscopic treatment and… Expand
2004 WHO classification of the renal tumors of the adults.
BACKGROUND The recently introduced 2004 World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of the adult renal epithelial neoplasms is meant to replace the previous 1998 WHO classification. METHODS AND… Expand
Intermittent androgen deprivation for locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer: results from a randomised phase 3 study of the South European Uroncological Group.
BACKGROUND Few randomised studies have compared intermittent hormonal therapy (IHT) with continuous therapy for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVE To determine whether… Expand
Emergency department visits, use of imaging, and drugs for urolithiasis have increased in the United States
The occurrence of urolithiasis in the United States has increased; however, information on long-term trends, including recurrence rates, is lacking. Here we describe national trends in rates of… Expand
2009 update on the classification of renal epithelial tumors in adults
- A. Lopez-Beltran, J. C. Carrasco, L. Cheng, M. Scarpelli, Z. Kırkalı, R. Montironi
- International journal of urology : official…
- 1 May 2009
The classification of kidney tumors in adults expands rapidly with new categories recently incorporated. This will result in the modification of the current 2004 World Health Organization (WHO)… Expand
EORTC Nomograms and Risk Groups for Predicting Recurrence, Progression, and Disease-specific and Overall Survival in Non-Muscle-invasive Stage Ta-T1 Urothelial Bladder Cancer Patients Treated with…
BACKGROUND There are no prognostic factor publications on stage Ta-T1 non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) treated with 1-3 yr of maintenance bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). OBJECTIVE To… Expand
Transitional cell carcinoma of the ureter and renal pelvis.
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of ureter and renal pelvis is relatively uncommon. Smoking, occupational carcinogens, analgesic abuse, Balkan nephropathy are the risk factors. Cytogenetic studies… Expand
Positive surgical margins after nephron-sparing surgery.
CONTEXT Little is known on the natural history of positive surgical margins (PSMs) in partial nephrectomy (PN). Accumulating data suggest that secondary nephrectomy might not be necessary in all… Expand
Toxicities of targeted therapy and their management in kidney cancer.
CONTEXT The therapeutic scenario for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been evolving rapidly, with sunitinib, sorafenib, bevacizumab, everolimus, pazopanib, and temsirolimus being… Expand
Neuroendocrine tumours of the urinary system and male genital organs: clinical significance
Two basic types of neuroendocrine (NE) tumours with diverse clinicopathological features and outcome are identified in the urinary system and male genital organs: carcinoid tumour and neuroendocrine… Expand