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Out of Tibet: Pliocene Woolly Rhino Suggests High-Plateau Origin of Ice Age Megaherbivores
A new Pliocene mammal assemblage from a high-altitude basin in the western Himalayas, including a primitive woolly rhino is reported, suggesting that some megaherbivores first evolved in Tibet before the beginning of the Ice Age. Expand
Cranial functional morphology of fossil dogs and adaptation for durophagy in Borophagus and Epicyon (Carnivora, Mammalia)
The overall cranial mechanics of the derived borophagines is more similar to bone‐cracking hyaenids and percrocutids than to their canid relatives, indicating convergence in both morphological form and functional capability. Expand
Three-dimensional computer simulations of feeding behaviour in red and giant pandas relate skull biomechanics with dietary niche partitioning
Finite-element analysis is used to test for mechanical differences and similarities in skull performance between Ailurus and Ailuropoda related to diet and shows that the two panda species have similar ranges of mechanical efficiency and strain energy profiles across the dentition, reflecting their durophagous diet. Expand
Model Sensitivity and Use of the Comparative Finite Element Method in Mammalian Jaw Mechanics: Mandible Performance in the Gray Wolf
Findings indicate that performance measures are differentially affected by variation in initial model parameters, which indicates that FE models can nevertheless provide robust comparisons if these parameters are standardized within a given study to minimize variation that arise during the model-building process. Expand
A New Cursorial Hyena from Tibet, and Analysis of Biostratigraphy, Paleozoogeography, and Dental Morphology of Chasmaporthetes (Mammalia, Carnivora)
ABSTRACT Recent field work in the late Cenozoic Zanda Basin in southwestern Tibetan Plateau has provided new fossil evidence of vertebrate faunas spanning the late Miocene to Pleistocene, whichExpand
This article investigates convergent evolution toward durophagy in carnivoran skull shape using geometric morphometrics in a sample of living and extinct species and finds that the shapes of the cranium and the mandible are highly integrated for the whole order Carnivora. Expand
Vertebrate paleontology, biostratigraphy, geochronology, and paleoenvironment of Qaidam Basin in northern Tibetan Plateau
Abstract Qaidam Basin is the largest terrestrial basin of the Tibetan Plateau and has the most continuous sedimentary record in the Cenozoic. Although constituting the first known fossil vertebratesExpand
Diets and environments of late Cenozoic mammals in the Qaidam Basin, Tibetan Plateau: Evidence from stable isotopes
The timing history and driving mechanisms of C4 expansion and Tibetan uplift are hotly debated issues. Paleoenvironmental evidence from within the Tibetan Plateau is essential to help resolve theseExpand
Stable isotopes in fossil mammals, fish and shells from Kunlun Pass Basin, Tibetan Plateau: Paleo-climatic and paleo-elevation implications
We report the results of a stable isotope study of a late Pliocene fauna recently discovered in the Kunlun Mountain Pass area (similar to 4700 m above sea level) on the northern Tibetan Plateau. TheExpand
Cranial function in a late Miocene Dinocrocuta gigantea (Mammalia: Carnivora) revealed by comparative finite element analysis
Finite element models of the skulls of Dinocrocuta gigantea, Canis lupus, and Crocuta crocuta were constructed to test the interpretation of D. gigante a as a bone cracker, an interpretation made on the basis of its large, conical premolars, and robust cranial morphology. Expand